OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 53, Iss. 3 — Jan. 20, 2014
  • pp: 426–434

Binary diffractive mask as a beam-shaping element for direct application in large-angle gray scale element fabrication

A. Sabatyan and M. R. Fasihanifard  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 3, pp. 426-434 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.53.000426


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1464 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The capability of binary gray scale masks in generating beams with a desired lateral intensity profile is extensively studied in order to fabricate large-angle microprisms. Using a recently introduced technique, some samples based on pulsewidth modulation are designed, so that the pulsewidth is changed with different linear rates from a completely clear to a fully dark slit, which results in a different number of gray steps. Then, the influence of the rate on turning an incident plane wave into beams with different specially linear lateral intensity distributions was studied by simulation, experiment, and fabrication of a large-angle microprism. Further, it was shown that the width of the first slit and the increment of gray level have an effective impact on the slope and smoothness of the generated linear intensity profile across the beam. Simulation results are completely verified by experimental data and the fabricated linear gray scale element.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1380) Diffraction and gratings : Binary optics
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(220.3740) Optical design and fabrication : Lithography

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: July 1, 2013
Revised Manuscript: December 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 2013
Published: January 16, 2014

Citation
A. Sabatyan and M. R. Fasihanifard, "Binary diffractive mask as a beam-shaping element for direct application in large-angle gray scale element fabrication," Appl. Opt. 53, 426-434 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-53-3-426


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Bhattacharya, “Simplified mesh techniques for design of beam-shaping diffractive optical elements,” Optik 119, 321–328 (2008). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Lu, Y. Yan, D. Yi, G. Jin, and M. Wu, “Semiconductor laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling using diffractive optical elements,” Opt. Commun. 220, 345–351 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. T. J. Suleski and D. C. O’Shea, “Gray scale masks for diffractive-optics fabrication. I. Commercial slide imager,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7518–7526 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Sabatyan and A. Hemmat, “Study of a novel and simple method of generating binary mask for microprism fabrication,” Appl. Opt 51, 525–530 (2012). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Sabatyan and M. R. Fasihanifard, “Generating of quadratic gray scale beam profile using binary gray scale masks,” Optik 124, 5604–5606 (2013). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited