OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 53, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 2014
  • pp: 1802–1807

Rapid fabrication of on-demand high-resolution optical masks with a CD–DVD pickup unit

Lucia Cabriales, Mathieu Hautefeuille, Gerardo Fernández, Victor Velázquez, Marcela Grether, and Enrique López-Moreno  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 53, Issue 9, pp. 1802-1807 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (836 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A low-cost, direct fabrication technique with a micrometer range resolution has been implemented for rapid prototyping of optical masks for photolithography and structured light and diffraction optics applications. Using a setup based on the optical unit of a compact disc–digital versatile disc burner, a low-energy infrared laser beam was focused on a thin polymeric layer with embedded absorbing carbon nanopowder coated on a transparent glass substrate. This allowed for the generation of a custom-made transparent pattern in a computer numerical control fashion. In addition to its great simplicity and repeatability, the method also enables grayscale contrasts for each pixel individually, and fabricated masks proved to resist high intensities.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: November 12, 2013
Revised Manuscript: February 5, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: February 11, 2014
Published: March 18, 2014

Lucia Cabriales, Mathieu Hautefeuille, Gerardo Fernández, Victor Velázquez, Marcela Grether, and Enrique López-Moreno, "Rapid fabrication of on-demand high-resolution optical masks with a CD–DVD pickup unit," Appl. Opt. 53, 1802-1807 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Qin, Y. Xia, A. J. Black, and G. M. Whitesides, “Photolithography with transparent reflective photomasks,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 98–103 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Orabona, A. Caliò, I. Rendina, L. De Stefano, and M. Medugno, “Photomasks fabrication based on optical reduction for microfluidic applications,” Micromachines 4, 206–214 (2013). [CrossRef]
  3. J. D. Musgraves, B. T. Close, and D. M. Tanenbaum, “A maskless photolithographic prototyping system using a low-cost consumer projector and a microscope,” Am. J. Phys. 73, 980–983 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Li, Y. Dou, R. An, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Permanent computer-generated holograms embedded in glass by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 13, 2433–2438 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Hautefeuille, A. K. Jimenez-Zenteno, P. Perez-Alcazar, K. Hess-Frieling, G. Fernandez-Sanchez, V. Velazquez, M. Grether, and E. Lopez-Moreno, “Utilization of a digital-versatile-disc pickup head for benchtop laser microfabrication,” Appl. Opt. 51, 1171–1177 (2012). [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Aegerter and M. Mennig, eds., Sol-Gel Technologies for Glass Producers and Users (Springer, 2004).
  8. M. Hautefeuille, L. Cabriales, R. Pimentel-Domínguez, V. Velázquez, J. Hernández-Cordero, L. Oropeza-Ramos, M. Rivera, M. P. Carreon-Castro, M. Grether, and E. López-Moreno, “New perspectives in direct PDMS microfabrication using a CD–DVD laser,” Lab Chip 13, 4848–4854 (2013). [CrossRef]
  9. A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3, 161–204 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. S. C. Singh, H. B. Zeng, C. Guo, and W. Cai, eds., Nanomaterials: Processing and Characterization with Lasers (Wiley, 2012).
  11. T. J. Suleski and D. C. O’Shea, “Gray-scale masks for diffractive-optics fabrication: I. Commercial slide imagers,” Appl. Opt. 34, 7507–7517 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited