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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 6, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1967
  • pp: 1845–1850

Determination of Moisture in the Atmosphere from Absorption of Solar Radiation

B. S. Neporent, M. S. Kiseleva, A. G. Makogonenko, and V. I. Shlyakhov  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 6, Issue 11, pp. 1845-1850 (1967)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.6.001845


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Abstract

Absorption spectra of solar radiation in a narrow region about 3800 cm−1, including several intense lines of the rotational structure of the ν3 band of water vapor, have been measured at altitudes up to 25.3 km with small angular heights of the sun. The apparatus was calibrated with respect to an artificial atmosphere, using a multipass cell. The distribution of water vapor in altitudes 11–25.3 km was determined from the absorption in the 3816.07 cm line. The mixing ratio decreases from 12 × 10−6 g/g at 11 km to 2.5 × 10−6 g/g at 17 kin, and then remains constant. At heights > 25.3 km the average mixing ratio is 4 × 10−6 g/g. These results correspond to the dry stratosphere model. Analysis of the experimental conditions indicates that a small influence by water vapor carried along upon the results of the measurements was achieved. The water mass function of the atmosphere was determined for small solar angles and large instrument heights, and a variation in the moisture of the stratosphere horizontally at great distances from the point of measurement was established.

© 1967 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: August 14, 1967
Published: November 1, 1967

Citation
B. S. Neporent, M. S. Kiseleva, A. G. Makogonenko, and V. I. Shlyakhov, "Determination of Moisture in the Atmosphere from Absorption of Solar Radiation," Appl. Opt. 6, 1845-1850 (1967)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-6-11-1845


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References

  1. B. S. Neporent, M. S. Kiseleva, Symposium on Radiation Processes in the Atmosphere, Leningrad, 5–12 Aug. 1964. Abstracts (IUGG Monographie No. 28, Aug.1965, Paris, France), p. 15; M. S. Kiseleva, B. S. Neporent, Opt. i Spektroskopiya 19, 923 (1965); Opt. Spectry, 19, 513 (1965).
  2. G. I. Golyshev, B. A. Meston, Principles of Aeronautics and Aviation (Leningrad, 1960), p. 80.
  3. J. Houghton, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 332 (1963). [CrossRef]
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  6. M. Gutnick, Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 88, 192 (1962).
  7. E. J. Williamson, Mem. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liège 9, 327 (1965).
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