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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 6, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1967
  • pp: 1973–1975

A Worst-Case Analysis of Continuous Wave He–Ne Laser Hazards to the Eye

W. P. Hansen, L. Feigen, and S. Fine  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 6, Issue 11, pp. 1973-1975 (1967)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.6.001973


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Abstract

Worst-case conditions for threshold injury on direct viewing of a cw He–Ne laser are defined. A transpupillary power of 50–100 μW for threshold injury to the eye is calculated on the basis of a heat conduction model and experimental observations.

© 1967 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: June 12, 1967
Published: November 1, 1967

Citation
W. P. Hansen, L. Feigen, and S. Fine, "A Worst-Case Analysis of Continuous Wave He–Ne Laser Hazards to the Eye," Appl. Opt. 6, 1973-1975 (1967)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-6-11-1973


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References

  1. L. R. Solon, R. Aronson, G. Gould, Science 134, 1506 (1961). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. W. Flint, in Proceedings of First Conference on Laser Safety, 19–20 May 1966, G. W. Flint, Ed. (Martin Company, Orlando, Florida, 1966).
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  4. A. Kohtiao, J. Newton, H. Schwell, I. Resnick, Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 122, 571 (1965).
  5. G. Westheimer, F. W. Campbell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1040 (1962). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Wiesinger et al., Am. J. Ophthalmol. 42, 907 (1956). [PubMed]
  7. G. Myer-Schwickerath, Light Coagulation (C. V. Mosby Co., St. Louis, 1960).
  8. W. J. Geeraets, R. C. Williams, G. Chan, W. T. Ham, D. Guerry, F. H. Schmidt, A. M. A. Arch. Ophthalmol. 63, 606 (1960). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Najac, B. Cooper, J. H. Jacobson, M. Shamos, J. M. Breitfeller, Invest. Ophthalmol. 2, 32 (1963).
  10. H. S. Carslaw, J. C. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids (Clarendon Press, London, 1947), pp. 421–422.
  11. M. Salzmann, The Anatomy and Histology of the Human Eyeball (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1912), pp. 61–62.
  12. W. T. Ham, R. C. Williams, H. A. Mueller, R. C. Ruffin, F. H. Schmidt, A. M. Clarke, Ocular Effects of Laser Radiation, Part I, DASA Rept. 1574, 1964.

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