OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 7, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1968
  • pp: 361–367

Influence of Single Scattering Albedo on Reflected and Transmitted Light from Clouds

Gilbert N. Plass and George W. Kattawar  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 7, Issue 2, pp. 361-367 (1968)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (695 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The dependence of the reflected and transmitted light from clouds on the single scattering albedo ω0 is studied. The multiple scattered path of the photon in the cloud is accurately simulated by Monte Carlo techniques. When the cloud is optically thin and the surface albedo A = 0, the reflected and transmitted radiances vary nearly as ω0 for fixed angles of incidence and observation and they depend strongly on the value of A. As ω0 becomes small and for optically thick clouds, the reflected radiance approaches more closely the value calculated from the single scattering function. As the absorption increases, the transmitted radiance at the zenith becomes larger relative to the value near the horizon. Also, as the optical thickness increases, the maximum of the transmitted radiance moves from the incident direction toward the zenith. The variations in the flux, cloud albedo, and the mean optical path are also discussed.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: July 31, 1967
Published: February 1, 1968

Gilbert N. Plass and George W. Kattawar, "Influence of Single Scattering Albedo on Reflected and Transmitted Light from Clouds," Appl. Opt. 7, 361-367 (1968)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, Appl. Opt. 7,March (1968). [PubMed]
  2. S. Fritz, J. Meteorol. 11, 291 (1954). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Fritz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 820 (1955). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Twomey, H. Jacobowitz, H. B. Howell, J. Atmospheric Sci. 24, 70 (1967). [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Hammersley, D. C. Handscomb, Monte Carlo Methods (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1964). [CrossRef]
  6. D. G. Collins, M. B. Wells, Monte Carlo Codes for the Study of Light Transport in the Atmosphere (Radiation Research Associates, Inc., Fort Worth, Texas, 1965), Vols. I and II.
  7. D. Deirmendjian, Appl. Opt. 3, 187 (1964). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited