OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 7, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1968
  • pp: 1295–1304

Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy with High Temperature Flames

J. B. Willis  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 7, Issue 7, pp. 1295-1304 (1968)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.7.001295


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1379 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An account is given of the history of the development of high temperature flames for the atomic absorption measurement of metals forming refractory oxides. The principles governing the design of premix burners for such flames, and the relative merits of different types of nebulizer burner systems are described. After a brief account of the structure and emission characteristics of the premixed oxygen–acetylene and nitrous oxide–acetylene flames, the scope and limitations of the latter flame in chemical analysis are discussed.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: January 3, 1968
Published: July 1, 1968

Citation
J. B. Willis, "Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy with High Temperature Flames," Appl. Opt. 7, 1295-1304 (1968)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-7-7-1295


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Walsh, Spectrochim. Acta 7, 108 (1955). [CrossRef]
  2. B. J. Russell, J. P. Shelton, A. Walsh, Spectrochim. Acta 8, 317 (1957). [CrossRef]
  3. B. J. Russell, A. Walsh, Spectrochim. Acta 15, 883 (1959). [CrossRef]
  4. B. M. Gatehouse, A. Walsh, Spectrochim. Acta 16, 602 (1960). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Walsh, Proceedings Tenth Colloquium Spectroscopicum Internationale, E. R. Lippincott, M. Margoshes, Eds. (Spartan Books, Washington, 1963).
  6. J. A. Goleb, J. K. Brody, Anal. Chim. Acta 28, 457 (1963). [CrossRef]
  7. J. A. Goleb, Y. Yokoyama, Anal. Chim. Acta 30, 213 (1964). [CrossRef]
  8. J. A. Goleb, Anal. Chim. Acta 34, 135 (1966). [CrossRef]
  9. B. V. L’vov, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 761 (1961). [CrossRef]
  10. R. H. Wendt, V. A. Fassel, Anal. Chem. 38, 337 (1966). [CrossRef]
  11. K. E. Friend, A. J. Diefenderfer, Anal. Chem. 38, 1763 (1966). [CrossRef]
  12. J. B. Willis, in Analytical Flame Spectroscopy, R. Mavrodineanu, Ed. (N. V. Philips, Eindhoven, 1968).
  13. J. W. Robinson, Anal. Chim. Acta 23, 458 (1960).
  14. J. W. Robinson, Anal. Chem. 33,1067, 1226 (1961). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Lundegårdh, Die quantitative Spektralanalyse der Elemente (Fischer, Jena) Part I, 1929; Part II, 1934.
  16. J. E. Allan, Analyst 83, 466 (1958). [CrossRef]
  17. D. J. David, Analyst 83, 655 (1958). [CrossRef]
  18. J. B. Willis, Spectrochim. Acta 23A, 811 (1967).
  19. O. E. Clinton, Spectrochim. Acta 16, 985 (1960). [CrossRef]
  20. B. M. Gatehouse, J. B. Willis, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 710 (1961). [CrossRef]
  21. J. B. Willis, Anal. Chem. 34, 614 (1962). [CrossRef]
  22. V. C. O. Schüler, A. V. Jansen, J. S. African Inst. Mining Met. 790 (1962).
  23. M. D. Amos, P. E. Thomas, Anal. Chim. Acta 32, 139 (1965). [CrossRef]
  24. M. D. Amos, J. B. Willis, Spectrochim. Acta 22,1325, 2128 (1966). [CrossRef]
  25. J. A. Fiorino, R. N. Kniseley, V. A. Fassel, Spectrochim. Acta, to be published in Part B, 1968
  26. V. A. Fassel, V. G. Mossotti, Anal. Chem. 35, 252 (1963). [CrossRef]
  27. J. D. Winefordner, C. T. Mansfield, T. J. Vickers, Anal. Chem. 35, 1607 (1963). [CrossRef]
  28. R. Püschel, L. Simon, R. Herrmann, Optik 21, 441 (1964).
  29. R. N. Kniseley, A. P. D’Silva, V. A. Fassel, Anal. Chem. 35, 910 (1963); Anal. Chem. 36, 1287 (1964). [CrossRef]
  30. R. Mavrodineanu, H. Boiteux, Flame Spectroscopy (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1965).
  31. W. Slavin, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 9 (1967).
  32. B. Lewis, G. von Elbe, Combustion, Flames, and Explosions of Gases (Academic Press Inc., New York, 1961).
  33. A. G. Gaydon, H. G. Wolfhard, Flames, Their Structure, Radiation, and Temperature (Chapman and Hall Ltd., London, 1960).
  34. J. V. Sullivan, A. Walsh, Spectrochim. Acta 21, 721 (1965). [CrossRef]
  35. J. E. Allan, Spectrochim. Acta 18, 259 (1962). [CrossRef]
  36. D. J. David, Nature 187, 1109 (1960); Analyst 86, 730 (1961). [CrossRef]
  37. J. E. Allan, paper presented at Fourth Australian Spectroscopy Conference, Canberra, 1963;a summary of the Conference appeared in Nature 200, 319 (1963).
  38. L. Capacho-Delgado, D. C. Manning, Spectrochim. Acta 22, 1505 (1966). [CrossRef]
  39. W. H. Foster, D. N. Hume, Anal. Chem. 31,2028, 2033 (1959). [CrossRef]
  40. P. B. Adams, W. O. Passmore, Anal. Chem. 38, 630 (1966). [CrossRef]
  41. R. K. Skogerboe, A. T. Heybey, G. H. Morrison, Anal. Chem. 38, 1821 (1966). [CrossRef]
  42. B. Lewis, H. Seaman, G. W. Jones, J. Franklin Inst. 215, 149 (1933). [CrossRef]
  43. E. Bartholomé, Z. Elektrochem. 53, 191 (1949); Z. Elektrochem. 54, 169 (1950).
  44. G. W. Jones, B. Lewis, H. Seaman, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 53, 3992 (1931). [CrossRef]
  45. W. Snelleman, A Flame as a Standard of Temperature (Bronder-offset, Rotterdam, 1965), (Thesis, Utrecht, 1965).
  46. H. H. Lurie, G. W. Sherman, Ind. Eng. Chem. 25, 404 (1933). [CrossRef]
  47. P. Gray, R. Mackinven, D. B. Smith, Combustion and Flame 11, 109 (1967). [CrossRef]
  48. F. Henning, C. Tingwaldt, Z. Physik 48, 805 (1928). [CrossRef]
  49. N. Thomas, A. G. Gaydon, L. Brewer, J. Chem. Phys. 20, 369 (1952). [CrossRef]
  50. J. B. Conway, A. V. Grosse, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 80, 2972 (1958). [CrossRef]
  51. J. B. Conway, R. H. Wilson, A. V. Grosse, J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 75, 499 (1953). [CrossRef]
  52. L. R. P. Butler, L. H. Ahrens, A. Strasheim, Proceedings Thirteenth Colloquim Spectroscopium Internationale (Hilger, London, 1968), and personal communication.
  53. W. G. Parker, H. G. Wolfhard, Proceedings Fourth International Symposium on Combustion (Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, 1952), p. 420; Proceedings Fifth International Symposium on Combustion (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1954), p. 718.
  54. J. W. Armitage, P. Gray, Combustion and Flame 9, 173 (1965). [CrossRef]
  55. J. B. Willis, unpublished work;J. B. Willis, J. O. Rasmuson, R. N. Kniseley, V. A. Fassel, Spectrochim. Acta, to be published.
  56. M. R. Baker, B. L. Vallee, Anal. Chem. 31, 2036 (1959). [CrossRef]
  57. W. Slavin, D. C. Manning, Anal. Chem. 35, 253 (1963). [CrossRef]
  58. V. A. Fassel, V. G. Mossotti, W. E. L. Grossman, R. N. Kniseley, Spectrochim. Acta 22, 347 (1966). [CrossRef]
  59. F. B. Dowling, C. L. Chakrabarti, G. R. Lyles, Anal. Chim. Acta 28, 392; Anal. Chim. Acta 29, 489 (1963).
  60. R. K. Skogerboe, R. A. Woodriff, Anal. Chem. 35, 1977 (1963). [CrossRef]
  61. T. G. Cowley, V. A. Fassel, R. N. Kniseley, Institute for Atomic Research, Iowa State University, unpublished work.
  62. J. B. Willis, Nature 207, 715 (1965). [CrossRef]
  63. D. C. Manning, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 4, 267 (1965); Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 5,63, 127 (1966); Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 35 (1967).
  64. W. Slavin, A. Venghiattis, D. C. Manning, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 5, 84 (1966).
  65. W. Slavin, Appl. Spectrosc. 20, 281 (1966). [CrossRef]
  66. J. Ramírez-Munoz, M. E. Roth, Flame Notes (Beckman) 2, 18 (1967).
  67. G. F. Kirkbright, M. K. Peters, T. S. West, Talanta 14, 789 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  68. J. A. Bowman, J. B. Willis, Anal. Chem. 39, 1210 (1967). [CrossRef]
  69. J. R. Deily, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 5, 119 (1966).
  70. D. C. Bowditch, Australian Mineral Development Laboratories Bulletin, April1966, p. 19.
  71. J. Kirinunen, O. Lindsjö, Chemist-Analyst 56, 25, 76, (1967).
  72. G. F. Kirkbright, A. M. Smith, T. S. West, Analyst 91, 700 (1966). [CrossRef]
  73. G. F. Kirkbright, M. K. Peters, T. S. West, Analyst 91, 705 (1966). [CrossRef]
  74. J. J. McAuliffe, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 69 (1967).
  75. J. B. Headridge, D. P. Hubbard, Anal. Chim. Acta 37, 151 (1967). [CrossRef]
  76. R. A. Mostyn, A. F. Cunningham, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 86 (1967).
  77. D. Myers, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 89 (1967).
  78. L. Capacho-Delgado, D. C. Manning, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 5, 1 (1966).
  79. J. B. Tyler, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 14 (1967).
  80. T. Kumumaru, Y. Otari, Y. Yamamoto, Bull. Soc. Chem. Japan 40, 429 (1967). [CrossRef]
  81. G. F. Kirkbright, A. M. Smith, T. S. West, Analyst 92, 411 (1967). [CrossRef]
  82. L. Capacho-Delgado, D. C. Manning, Analyst 92, 553 (1967). [CrossRef]
  83. S. L. Sachdev, J. W. Robinson, P. W. West, Anal. Chim. Acta 37,12, 156 (1967). [CrossRef]
  84. R. J. Jaworowski, R. P. Weberling, D. J. Bracco, Anal. Chim. Acta 37, 284 (1967). [CrossRef]
  85. T. V. Ramakrishna, P. W. West, J. W. Robinson, Anal. Chim. Acta 39, 81 (1967). [CrossRef]
  86. D. C. Manning, L. Capacho-Delgado, Anal. Chim. Acta 36, 312 (1966). [CrossRef]
  87. D. A. Becker, V. A. Fassel, Institute for Atomic Research, Iowa State University, personal communication.
  88. H. D. Fleming, Spectrochim. Acta 23B, 207 (1967).
  89. A. M. Bond, T. A. O’Donnell, Anal. Chem., 40, 560 (1968). [CrossRef]
  90. A. M. Bond, J. B. Willis, unpublished work.
  91. T. L. Cottrell, The Strength of Chemical Bonds (Butterworths Scientific Publications Ltd., London, 1958).
  92. F. R. Hartley, A. S. Inglis, Analyst 92, 622 (1967). [CrossRef]
  93. H. G. Wolfhard, Institute for Defense Analyses, Arlington, Va., personal communication.
  94. E. E. Pickett, S. R. Koirtyohann, Spectrochim. Acta 23B, 235 (1968).
  95. G. F. Kirkbright, A. Semb, T. S. West, Spectrosc. Lett. 1, 97 (1968). [CrossRef]
  96. V. A. Fassel, Spectrosc. Lett. 1, 95 (1968). [CrossRef]
  97. A. Katz, Amer. Mineral. 53, 283 (1968).
  98. J. C. Van Loon, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 7, 3 (1968).
  99. D. Druckman, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 113 (1967).
  100. D. L. Bokowski, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 6, 97 (1967).
  101. H. Bader, H. Brandenberger, Perkin-Elmer Atomic Absorption Newsletter 7, 1 (1968).
  102. L. Wilson, Anal. Chim. Acta 40, 503 (1968). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited