OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 7, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1968
  • pp: 1587–1599

Use of Crossed Cylinder Lens in Photographic Lens Evaluation

Bradford Howland  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 7, Issue 8, pp. 1587-1599 (1968)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.7.001587


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1873 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Two methods are described for testing cameras and camera lenses by utilizing the properties of the crossed cylinder lens, an ophthalmic test device. In the first, the cylinder lens is used in conjunction with a rectangular grid to defocus the star image formed by a collimator. This test permits quantitative determination of axial chromatic aberration, spherical aberration and its variations with wavelength, and coma of the lens. In the second, a segment of the cylinder lens is used as a supplementary lens attachment to the camera, which photographs a polar coordinate chart. Analysis of the photograph permits determination of the sagittal and tangential field curvatures, and also indicates errors in focal adjustment and misalignment of film plane with respect to the lens axis. Since these tests require cylinder lenses of smaller dioptric power and quality superior to that available from the ophthalmic lens industry, methods for the construction and synthesis of large-aperture, weak, cross cylinder lenses and segments thereof are given. Experimental details of the lens testing procedures, together with examples of photographic determination of the various camera and lens defects, are presented. A sensitive test for lateral chromatic aberration is included in an appendix.

© 1968 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: October 17, 1967
Published: August 1, 1968

Citation
Bradford Howland, "Use of Crossed Cylinder Lens in Photographic Lens Evaluation," Appl. Opt. 7, 1587-1599 (1968)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-7-8-1587


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Flügge, Die wissenschaftliche und angewandte Photographie, Das photographische Objektiv (Springer-Verlag, Vienna, 1955), Chapter 11, Vol. 1. [CrossRef]
  2. A. König, H. Köhler, Die Fernrohre und Entfernungsmesser, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1959), Secs. 39 and 40.
  3. H. Osterberg, Optical Design, Military Standardization Handbook MIL–HDBK–141 (Standardization Division, Defense Supply Agency, Washington, D. C., 1962), Sees. 24 and 25.
  4. C. D. Reid, Photogr. Sci. Eng. 10, 241 (1966).
  5. K. Mütze, L. Fortzik, W. Krug, G. Schreiber, ABC der Optik (Verlag Werner Dausien, Hanau/Main, 1961), entry under Objectivprüfung, pp. 604–609.
  6. I. M. Borish, Clinical Refraction (The Professional Press, Chicago, 1954).
  7. G. A. Boutry, Instrumental Optics (Hilger and Watts, Ltd., London, 1961), p. 29.
  8. Ref. 7, Chap. 12.
  9. H. Naumann, Optik für Konstrukteure, (Wilhelm Knapp Verlag, Düsseldorf, 1960).
  10. A. E. Conrady, Applied Optics and Optical Design (Dover Publications, New York, 1957), p. 116.
  11. F. S. Washer, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. 61, 31 (1958). [CrossRef]
  12. W. Brouwer, Matrix Methods in Optical Instrument Design (W. A. Benjamin, Inc., New York, 1964), p. 107.
  13. Marilyn Levy, Photog. Sci. Eng. 11, 46 (1967).
  14. John Strong, Concepts in Classical Optics (W. H. Freeman and Co., Inc., San Francisco, 1958), Sec. 14–6.
  15. Ref. 5, entry under Dispersionsprismen, p. 188.
  16. A. E. H. Love, A Treatise on Mathematical Elasticity (Dover Publications, New York, 1944), p. 471.
  17. S. Timoshenko, S. Woinowsky-Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells (McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 1959), Chap. 2.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited