OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 8, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1969
  • pp: 1613–1623

Optical Pumps for Organic Dye Lasers

H. W. Furumoto and H. L. Ceccon  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 8, Issue 8, pp. 1613-1623 (1969)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1974 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Several types of low energy, ultrafast flashlamps systems have been investigated as optical pumps for lasers using fast decaying fluorescent materials, in particular, organic dyes. Of the various systems examined, the coaxial lamp with a spark gap switch proved to be the most useful for pumping the organic dyes. Parameters optimized were gas type, gas pressure, discharge volume, and electrical circuitry. At optimum operation, the annular volume of the coaxial lamp is completely filled with the discharge and the current rise time is determined mainly by the external circuit inductance. The rapidity and uniformity of the discharge is attributed to photoionization of the gas fill. Current rise times are typically 140 nsec for energies up to 100 J. Because of the photoionization process, these coaxial lamps are considered to be a different class of flashlamps from the standard capillary discharge lamp, the sliding spark lamp, and the ablating wall lamp. Less useful systems that were investigated are described, and the reason for their deficiencies are analyzed.

© 1969 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: March 18, 1969
Published: August 1, 1969

H. W. Furumoto and H. L. Ceccon, "Optical Pumps for Organic Dye Lasers," Appl. Opt. 8, 1613-1623 (1969)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, IBM J. Res. Dev. 10, 162 (1966). [CrossRef]
  2. P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 148 (1967). [CrossRef]
  3. B. H. Soffer, B. B. McFarland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 266 (1967). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Bass, T. F. Deutsch, M. J. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 120 (1968). [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Weber, M. Bass, IEEE J. Quantum Electron, QE-5175 (1969). [CrossRef]
  6. G. T. Schappert, K. W. Billman, D. C. Burnham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 124 (1968). [CrossRef]
  7. P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, E. C. Hammond, V. L. Moruzzi, IBM J. Res. Dev. 11, 130 (1967). [CrossRef]
  8. P. P. Sorokin, J. R. Lankard, V. L. Moruzzi, E. C. Hammond, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 4726 (1968). [CrossRef]
  9. W. Schmidt, F. Schaefer, Z. Naturforsch. Aufgabe A 22a, 1563 (1967).
  10. P. Bogen, H. Conrads, in Proceedings of the VII International Conference on High Speed Photography, O. Helwich, Ed. (Darmstadt und Wien, Darmstadt, 1967), p. 68.
  11. R. G. Buser, D. Ramm, Appl. Opt. 5, 627 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. T. Gerry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 6 (1965). [CrossRef]
  13. D. A. Leonard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 4 (1965). [CrossRef]
  14. J. P. Shipman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 1 (1967). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Geller, D. E. Altman, T. A. DeTemple, Appl. Opt. 7, 2232 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. A. Theophanis, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 31, 427 (1960). [CrossRef]
  17. P. V. Avizonis, T. T. Doss, R. Heimlich, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 38, 331 (1967). [CrossRef]
  18. J. P. Markiewicz, J. L. Emmett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 707 (1966). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Raether, Electron Avalanches and Breakdown in Gases, (Butterworth Press, Washington, D. C., 1964), pp. 62–67.
  20. H. Raether, Ref. 19, Chapt. 5.
  21. F. Llewellyn-Jones, Ionization and Breakdown in Gases, (Methuen Company, London, 1957), Chapt. 5.
  22. L. Loeb, Fundamental Processes of Electrical Discharges in Gases (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1939), pp. 426–432.
  23. E. Nasser, M. Heiszler, M. Abou-Saeda, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3707 (1968). [CrossRef]
  24. E. Fleger, H. Raether, Z. Phys. 99, 635 (1936);Z. Phys. 103, 315 (1936); [CrossRef]
  25. E. Nasser, J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4712 (1966). [CrossRef]
  26. R. Stair, W. E. Schneider, J. K. Jackson, Appl. Opt. 2, 115 (1963). [CrossRef]
  27. J. S. Shirk, A. M. Bass, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 5156 (1968). [CrossRef]
  28. J. L. Emmett, A. L. Schawlow, E. H. Weinberg, J. Appl. Phys. 35, 3601 (1964). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited