OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 9, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1970
  • pp: 1820–1824

Absolute Calibration of a Laser System for Atmospheric Probing

F. F. Hall, Jr. and H. Y. Ageno  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 9, Issue 8, pp. 1820-1824 (1970)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.9.001820


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (640 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In order to obtain quantitative data on the backscatter function from laser irradiance backscattered from the atmosphere, the ratio of power transmitted to power received must be accurately known. No absolute measurements of power, optical system transmittance, detector quantum efficiency, or electronic gain are necessarily required. The technique of measuring the power ratio by irradiating a smoked or painted target of known diffuse reflectance at a fixed range is used to calibrate a complete lidar system. The relative area of the output power pulse is monitored by a fast response photodiode, and the relative area of the returned pulse is also recorded after passing through a filter of known high optical density. It is essential to control the temperatures of the laser rod and receiver interference prefilter to ensure proper spectral matching. Field experience gained using this technique is described, and examples of calibration measurements and backscatter functions for smog and cirrus clouds are presented.

© 1970 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: November 12, 1969
Published: August 1, 1970

Citation
F. F. Hall and H. Y. Ageno, "Absolute Calibration of a Laser System for Atmospheric Probing," Appl. Opt. 9, 1820-1824 (1970)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-9-8-1820


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. T. H. Collis, F. G. Fernald, J. E. Alder, J. Appl. Meteorol. 7, 227 (1968). [CrossRef]
  2. F. F. Hall, H. Y. Ageno, Proc. 13th Radar Meteorol. Conf., Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 518 (1968).
  3. P. A. Franken, J. A. Jenney, D. M. Rank, “Airborne Investigations of Clear Air Turbulence with Optical Radar,” Univ. of Michigan, Rept. Contr. NONR 1224 (51) (December1965), p. 40.
  4. E. W. Barrett, O. Ben-Dov, J. Appl. Meteorol. 6, 500 (1967). [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. W. Sandford, J. Atmos. Terrest. Phys. 29, 1651, 1657 (1967). [CrossRef]
  6. W. E. K. Middleton, C. L. Sanders, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 41, 419 (1951). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Grum, G. W. Luckey, Appl. Opt. 7, 2289 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Y. Ageno, Soc. Phot. Instrum. Engrs., 13th Ann. Tech. Symp. Proc. 357 (1968).
  9. M. P. McCormick, J. D. Lawrence, T. R. Crownfield, Appl. Opt. 7, 2424 (1968). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. L. Smith, Proc. Conf. Atmospheric Limitations to Optical Propagation, Nat. Bur. Stand., Colo., 374, 383 (1965).
  11. B. Liu, Univ. of Minnesota, private communication.
  12. I. H. Blifford, L. D. Ringer, J. Atmos. Sci. 26, 716 (1969). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Elterman, “UV, Visible, and IR Attenuation for Altitudes to 50 km, 1968,” AFCRL-68-0153 (April1968).
  14. J. T. Bradley, R. M. Schotland, “Optical Sounding V,” New York Univ., Final Rept. Contr. DAAB-07-68-C, August1969.
  15. I. D. Abella, H. Z. Cummins, J. Appl. Phys. 32, 1177 (1961). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Bertolotti, L. Muzii, D. Sette, Appl. Opt. 8, 117 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. A. Davis, Appl. Opt. 8, 2099 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Weickmann, Berichte des Deutschen Wetterdienstes in der U.S. Zone Nr. 6 (1949), 61 pp.
  19. H. C. Bryant, A. J. Cox, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 56, 1529 (1966). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited