Analogous to the situation found in calibration, a classification model constructed from spectra measured on one instrument may not be valid for prediction of class from spectra measured on a second instrument. In this paper, the transfer of multivariate classification models between laboratory and process near-infrared spectrometers is investigated for the discrimination of whole, green <i>Coffea arabica</i> (Arabica) and <i>Coffea canefora</i> (Robusta) coffee beans. A modified version of slope/bias correction, orthogonal signal correction trained on a vector of discrete class identities, and model updating were found to perform well in the preprocessing of data to permit the transfer of a classification model developed on data from one instrument to be used on another instrument. These techniques permitted development of robust models for the discrimination of green coffee beans on both spectrometers and resulted in misclassification errors for the transfer process in the range of 5–10%.
Anthony J. Myles, Tyler A. Zimmerman, and Steven D. Brown, "Transfer of Multivariate Classification Models Between Laboratory and Process Near-Infrared Spectrometers for the Discrimination of Green Arabica and Robusta Coffee Beans," Appl. Spectrosc. 60, 1198-1203 (2006)