A simple Flow Injection/Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry system is described. The analytical performance, in terms of linearity, precision, and detection limits, was investigated for both aqueous and organic solvents. Acceptable detection limits were obtained with the use of approximately one-hundreth of the minimum sample volume required for continuous aspiration. Some deterioration of detection limits, however, was observed. The suitability of this system to biological samples was demonstrated by the analysis of iron- and cobalt-rubredoxins and National Bureau of Standards' Bovine Liver standard reference material.
Arthur J. Faske, Kimberley R. Snable, Andrew W. Boorn, and Richard F. Browner, "Microliter Sample Introduction for ICP-AES," Appl. Spectrosc. 39, 542-545 (1985)