OSA's Digital Library

Applied Spectroscopy

Applied Spectroscopy


  • Vol. 42, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1988
  • pp: 1–3

Multinuclear NMR Referencing

P. Granger

Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 42, Issue 1, pp. 1-3 (1988)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (265 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


NMR is now recognized as one of the most powerful spectroscopic tools. The four parameters usually determined in NMR are: Chemical Shifts, Coupling Constants, Spin-Lattice, and Spin-Spin Relaxation Times. Whilst the last three are easily measured in Hz or seconds, the first is subject to some difficulties since chemical shifts are a function of the applied polarizing magnetic field B0, and their measured values in frequency units are given by ν = γ/2π.B0, where γ is the gyro-magnetic ratio characteristic of a given isotope. Consequently, the experimental values are a function of each instrument, since it is impossible to build instruments with a fixed B0 and with precision and stability of about 0.1 Hz at 600 MHz, the highest field used at present. Consequently the measured values cannot be compared between laboratories.

P. Granger, "Multinuclear NMR Referencing," Appl. Spectrosc. 42, 1-3 (1988)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset


References are not available for this paper.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited