The total performance of a droplet space radiator has been predicted by simulation of infrared emission spectra. Emission spectra for a droplet are simulated with the use of exact optical theory from the optical constant spectra of a low-molecular-weight silicone, which is a candidate for use as an emission medium of the radiator. Emissive power and total emittance are calculated from the simulated emission spectra for a droplet at different temperatures. It is found that the fourth-power temperature dependence of the emissive power of the blackbody and the temperature dependence of the emissivity inherent to the materials govern the emissive power of the droplet. The progressive decreases in temperature of a droplet and a droplet sheet in space are also simulated. A droplet with a diameter of 1 μm is predicted to cool from 500 K to 252 K in two seconds. The effects of the size of a droplet and the number density of the droplets in the sheet on the cooling rate are estimated. A smaller droplet is essential for obtaining effective radiation in the liquid droplet radiator. A dense cloud of the droplet sheet will retard the cooling rate of the droplets because of the reabsorption of the emitted light.
Koji Ohta, Robert T. Graf, and Hatsuo Ishida, "Evaluation of Space Radiator Performance by Simulation of Infrared Emission," Appl. Spectrosc. 42, 114-120 (1988)