Several sources of phase-correction-induced spectral anomalies in FT-IR vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra have been investigated. Misidentification of the zero-phase retardation position in dichroic interferograms that exhibit no optical or electronic bias can produce spectral errors. Production of such errors is from the introduction of linear phase error into the phase curve. When the zero-phase retardation position is correctly identified, other spectral anomalies, such as "reflected peaks," can appear in VCD spectra. These peaks are readily observed in quarterwave plate reference spectra. The anomalies are directly correlated to the arctangent function used to define the phase curve and result only from the nature of the VCD signal. VCD spectra can exhibit negative, as well as positive, peaks; consequently the phase correction must be designed to accommodate negative features. Both Mertz and Forman phase-correction algorithms have been modified to correct the phase of VCD interferograms without error. Such corrections are not necessary, or even desirable, for normal absorption spectrometry.
Colleen A. McCoy and James A. de Haseth, "Phase Correction of Vibrational Circular Dichroic Features," Appl. Spectrosc. 42, 336-341 (1988)