A double quadrupole arrangement to remove polyatomic ions by collisions with an added target gas has been evaluated. The ions Ar<sub>2</sub><sup>+</sup>, ArO<sup>+</sup>, and ArN<sup>+</sup> were attenuated by factors of 50-400 to count rates of \lesssim 100 counts s<sup>−1</sup>. Fifty to seventy percent of the analyte ions were retained. Removal of polyatomic ions and retention of analyte ions were favored by low-energy collisions with Xe or CH<sub>4</sub> rather than typical target gases like N<sub>2</sub> or Ar. Products of ion-molecule reactions between background ions and target gas in the first quadrupole could be observed.
John T. Rowan and R. S. Houk, "Attenuation of Polyatomic Ion Interferences in Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry by Gas-Phase Collisions," Appl. Spectrosc. 43, 976-980 (1989)