An electrothermal fountain is used to heat gas-phase samples in the range of 300 to 400°C in order to observe their near-infrared (NIR) emissions. In conjunction with the fountain, a ⅛-m Ebert monochromator and an uncooled PbS detector are shown to be sufficiently sensitive for recording the NIR fingerprints of CH<sub>4</sub>, CO<sub>2</sub>, N<sub>2</sub>O, and C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub> At fountain temperatures of approximately 400°C, the molecular emission is confined to the long wavelength NIR region (1600-2500 nm) and yields limits of detection in the range of 4 to 10% v/v (3-10 mg/s). Reproducibilities have relative standard deviations of 3.0%. The calibration curves for the gases examined in this study have small linear dynamic ranges (factors of 2 to 10) and exhibit some degree of upward curvature. Ramifications of the application of NIR molecular emission spectroscopy to the qualitative and quantitative analyses of mixtures are discussed.
Bonnie A. Nelson-Avery and David C. Tilotta, "Near-Infrared Molecular Emission from a Gas Fountain," Appl. Spectrosc. 48, 1461-1467 (1994)