We report the use of infrared diode lasers in a diffuse reflection geometry for detection of the cyclotetramethylentetranitramine (HMX) combustion product CO permeating through a silicon carbide bed. We find that infrared emission and transient absorption are coincident with these pressure waves and demonstrate the feasibility of these diagnostics for detecting molecular species in hostile environments. We conclude from the experimental evidence that macroscopic convective heating may play a limited role in the deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) of porous explosives.
David J. Funk, W. Dale Breshears, Gary W. Laabs, and Blaine W. Asay, "Laser Diode Reflectometry and Infrared Emission Measurements of Permeating Gases at High Driving Pressures and Temperatures," Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 257-262 (1996)