The optical emission method, an alternative to mass spectrometry for <sup>15</sup>N analysis, is based on measuring ratios of the intensities of the 14N<sub>2</sub>(28), <sup>14</sup>N <sup>15</sup>N (29), and <sup>15</sup>N<sub>2</sub> (30) lines of the 2 band of the C(<sup>3</sup>Pi<sub>u</sub>) B(<sup>3</sup>Pi<sub>g</sub>) N transition near 298 nm. However, properties of the discharge are not well understood, and interferences that affect the analysis have never been explicitly identified. An efficient low-energy radio-frequency source and home-built spectrometer were used to obtain spectra over a wide range and with multiple scans. Weak extraneous bands were identified as the overlapping beta and gamma series of NO, not CO or OH as previously thought. Bands identified as the third positive system of CO were only observed under conditions far removed from normal practice. As tube pressure was increased from 0.3 to 1.8 kPa, the N<sub>2</sub> intensity decreased relative to that of NO peaks. The 29/28 intensity ratio also varied with pressure, although not in a completely consistent way. A weak band underlying the <sup>14</sup>N<sup>15</sup>N transition was identified as part of the Gaydon-Herman singlet series of N<sub>2</sub>; this interference rather than peaks from other species, may be the single factor most limiting analytical performance. Implications for the analytical method are discussed.
Caroline M. Preston, "Optical Emission Analysis of 15N: Pressure Effects and Identification of NO and Gaydon-Herman N2 Bands in the Discharge," Appl. Spectrosc. 53, 1628-1637 (1999)