Resolution of transient excited-state Raman scattering from ground-state and solvent bands is a challenging spectroscopic measurement since excited-state spectral features are often of low intensity, overlapping the dominant ground-state and solvent bands. The Raman spectra of these intermediates can be resolved, however, by acquiring time-resolved data and using multidimensional data analysis methods. In the absence of a physical model describing the kinetic behavior of a reaction, resolution of the pure-component spectra from these data can be accomplished using self-modeling curve resolution, a factor analysis technique that relies on the correlation in the data along a changing composition dimension to resolve the component spectra. A two-laser UV pump-probe resonance-enhanced Raman instrument was utilized to monitor the kinetics of amine quenching of excited-triplet states of benzophenone. The formation and decay of transient intermediates were monitored over time, from 15 ns to 100 μs. Factor analysis of the time-resolved spectral data identified three significant components in the data. The time-resolved intensities at each Raman wavenumber shift were projected onto the three significant eigenvectors, and least-squares criteria were developed to find the common plane in the space of the eigenvectors that includes the observed data. Within that plane, the three pure-component spectra were resolved using geometric criteria of convex hull analysis. The resolved spectra were found to arise from benzophenone excited-triplet states, diphenylketyl radicals, and the solvent and ground-state benzophenone.
James A. Kleimeyer and Joel M. Harris, "Monitoring the Formation and Decay of Transient Photosensitized Intermediates Using Pump-Probe UV Resonance Raman Spectroscopy. I: Self-Modeling Curve Resolution," Appl. Spectrosc. 57, 439-447 (2003)
References are not available for this paper.
OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.