The influence of crater depth on plasma properties and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) emission has been evaluated. Laser-induced plasmas were generated at the surface and at the bottom of different craters in a copper sample. Plasmas produced at the sample surface and at the bottom of the craters were spatially and temporally resolved. LIBS emission, temperature, and electronic number density of the plasmas were evaluated. It is shown that the confinement effect produced by the craters enhances the LIBS signal from the laser-induced plasmas.
Michela Corsi, Gabriele Cristoforetti, Montserrat Hidalgo, Daniela Iriarte, Stefano Legnaioli, Vincenzo Palleschi, Azenio Salvetti, and Elisabetta Tognoni, "Effect of Laser-Induced Crater Depth in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Emission Features," Appl. Spectrosc. 59, 853-860 (2005)