Data from the ESA ExoMars Rover Mission will provide invaluable input for further studies in astro/exobiology. The search for mineral products as indicators of present and/or past biogenetic activities in Mars' surface and subsurface samples is the main objective of the compact Raman–laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument. The inherent features of Raman spectroscopy and LIBS make the combined instrument a unique and very powerful tool in the search for biomarkers and hence it is regarded as the highest priority instrument for mineral analysis within the mission. We have developed a software package for the on-board processing of the instrument's data outputs, including spectral conditioning and search-match characterization of mineral phases and biomarkers. In this paper we show the mathematical and physical basis of the software package.
Vol. 3, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Pablo Sobron, Francisco Sobron, Aurelio Sanz, and Fernando Rull, "Raman Signal Processing Software for Automated Identification of Mineral Phases and Biosignatures on Mars," Appl. Spectrosc. 62, 364-370 (2008)