Anionic surfactant-biodegrading capability of an <i>Arcobacter butzleri</i> strain was analyzed under aerobic conditions. The <i>A. butzleri</i> isolate displayed efficient surfactant-biodegrading capacity for sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) at concentrations of up to 100 mg/L in 6 days, corresponding to 99.0% removal efficiency. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was applied to observe the effects of varying concentrations of SDS on the biochemistry of bacterial cells. Results suggest that protein secondary structures were altered in bacterial cells at sufficiently high SDS concentrations, concurrent with SDS biodegradation.
Vol. 8, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics
Omer Faruk Sarioglu, Yusuf Talha Tamer, Alper Devrim Ozkan, Halil Ibrahim Atabay, Celenk Molva, and Turgay Tekinay, "Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy as a Novel Approach for Analyzing the Biochemical Effects of Anionic Surfactants on a Surfactant-Degrading Arcobacter butzleri Strain," Appl. Spectrosc. 67, 470-475 (2013)