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Biomedical Optics Express

Biomedical Optics Express

  • Editor: Joseph A. Izatt
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2011
  • pp: 3058–3071

Effects of probe geometry on transscleral diffuse optical spectroscopy

Pontus Svenmarker, Can T. Xu, Stefan Andersson-Engels, and Jørgen Krohn  »View Author Affiliations

Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 2, Issue 11, pp. 3058-3071 (2011)

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The purpose of this study was to investigate how the geometry of a fiber optic probe affects the transmission and reflection of light through the scleral eye wall. Two geometrical parameters of the fiber probe were investigated: the source-detector distance and the fiber protrusion, i.e. the length of the fiber extending from the flat surface of the fiber probe. For optimization of the fiber optic probe geometry, fluorescence stained choroidal tumor phantoms in ex vivo porcine eyes were measured with both diffuse reflectance- and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. The strength of the fluorescence signal compared to the excitation signal was used as a measure for optimization. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and temperature were monitored to assess the impact of the probe on the eye. For visualizing any possible damage caused by the probe, the scleral surface was imaged with scanning electron microscopy after completion of the spectroscopic measurements. A source-detector distance of 5 mm with zero fiber protrusion was considered optimal in terms of spectroscopic contrast, however, a slight fiber protrusion of 0.5 mm is argued to be advantageous for clinical measurements. The study further indicates that transscleral spectroscopy can be safely performed in human eyes under in vivo conditions, without leading to an unacceptable IOP elevation, a significant rise in tissue temperature, or any visible damage to the scleral surface.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(170.3890) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics instrumentation
(170.6280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
(170.6510) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics
(290.1990) Scattering : Diffusion
(300.6550) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, visible

ToC Category:
Noninvasive Optical Diagnostics

Original Manuscript: July 18, 2011
Revised Manuscript: September 18, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 18, 2011
Published: October 7, 2011

Pontus Svenmarker, Can T. Xu, Stefan Andersson-Engels, and Jørgen Krohn, "Effects of probe geometry on transscleral diffuse optical spectroscopy," Biomed. Opt. Express 2, 3058-3071 (2011)

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