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Biomedical Optics Express

Biomedical Optics Express

  • Editor: Joseph A. Izatt
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2669–2680

A comparison of Doppler optical coherence tomography methods

Gangjun Liu, Alexander J. Lin, Bruce J. Tromberg, and Zhongping Chen  »View Author Affiliations


Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 3, Issue 10, pp. 2669-2680 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/BOE.3.002669


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Abstract

Abstract: We compare, in detail, the phase-resolved color Doppler (PRCD), phase-resolved Doppler variance (PRDV) and intensity-based Doppler variance (IBDV) methods. All the methods are able to quantify flow speed when the flow rate is within a certain range, which is dependent on the adjacent A-line time interval. While PRCD is most sensitive when the flow direction is along the probing beam, PRDV and IBDV can be used to measure the flow when the flow direction is near perpendicular to the probing beam. However, the values of PRDV and IBDV are Doppler angle-dependent when the Doppler angle is above a certain threshold. The sensitivity of all the methods can be improved by increasing the adjacent A-line time interval while still maintaining a high sampling density level. We also demonstrate for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, high resolution inter-frame PRDV method. In applications where mapping vascular network such as angiogram is more important than flow velocity quantification, IBDV and PRDV images show better contrast than PRCD images. The IBDV and PRDV show very similar characteristics and demonstrate comparable results for vasculature mapping. However, the IBDV is less sensitive to bulk motion and with less post-processing steps, which is preferred for fast data processing situations. In vivo imaging of mouse brain with intact skull and human skin with the three methods were demonstrated and the results were compared. The IBDV method was found to be able to obtain high resolution image with a relative simple processing procedure.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(170.3890) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics instrumentation
(170.4500) Medical optics and biotechnology : Optical coherence tomography

ToC Category:
Optical Coherence Tomography

History
Original Manuscript: July 19, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 19, 2012
Published: September 26, 2012

Citation
Gangjun Liu, Alexander J. Lin, Bruce J. Tromberg, and Zhongping Chen, "A comparison of Doppler optical coherence tomography methods," Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 2669-2680 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/boe/abstract.cfm?URI=boe-3-10-2669


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