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Biomedical Optics Express

Biomedical Optics Express

  • Editor: Joseph A. Izatt
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2012
  • pp: 3250–3263

Detecting axial heterogeneity of birefringence in layered turbid media using polarized light imaging

Sanaz Alali, Yuting Wang, and I. Alex Vitkin  »View Author Affiliations

Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 3, Issue 12, pp. 3250-3263 (2012)

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The structural anisotropy of biological tissues can be quantified using polarized light imaging in terms of birefringence; however, birefringence varies axially in anisotropic layered tissues. This may present ambiguity in result interpretation for techniques whose birefringence results are averaged over the sampling volume. To explore this issue, we extended the polarization sensitive Monte Carlo code to model bi-layered turbid media with varying uniaxial birefringence in the two layers. Our findings demonstrate that the asymmetry degree (ASD) between the off-diagonal Mueller matrix elements of heterogeneously birefringent samples is higher than the homogenously birefringent (uniaxial) samples with the same effective retardance (magnitude and orientation). We experimentally verified the validity of ASD as a birefringence heterogeneity measure by performing polarized light measurements of bi-layered elastic and scattering polyacrylamide phantoms.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(170.3660) Medical optics and biotechnology : Light propagation in tissues
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(110.0113) Imaging systems : Imaging through turbid media

ToC Category:
Optics of Tissue and Turbid Media

Original Manuscript: September 11, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 9, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 11, 2012
Published: November 14, 2012

Sanaz Alali, Yuting Wang, and I. Alex Vitkin, "Detecting axial heterogeneity of birefringence in layered turbid media using polarized light imaging," Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 3250-3263 (2012)

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