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Biomedical Optics Express

Biomedical Optics Express

  • Editor: Joseph A. Izatt
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2013
  • pp: 2911–2924

Hemodynamic signature of breast cancer under fractional mammographic compression using a dynamic diffuse optical tomography system

Stefan A. Carp, Amir Y. Sajjadi, Christy M. Wanyo, Qianqian Fang, Michelle C. Specht, Lidia Schapira, Beverly Moy, Aditya Bardia, David A. Boas, and Steven J. Isakoff  »View Author Affiliations

Biomedical Optics Express, Vol. 4, Issue 12, pp. 2911-2924 (2013)

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Near infrared dynamic diffuse optical tomography measurements of breast hemodynamics during fractional mammographic compression offer a novel contrast mechanism for detecting breast cancer and monitoring chemotherapy. Tissue viscoelastic relaxation during the compression period leads to a slow reduction in the compression force and reveals biomechanical and metabolic differences between healthy and lesion tissue. We measured both the absolute values and the temporal evolution of hemoglobin concentration during 25-35 N of compression for 22 stage II and III breast cancer patients scheduled to undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy. 17 patients were included in the group analysis (average tumor size 3.2 cm, range: 1.3-5.7 cm). We observed a statistically significant differential decrease in total and oxy-hemoglobin, as well as in hemoglobin oxygen saturation in tumor areas vs. healthy tissue, as early as 30 seconds into the compression period. The hemodynamic contrast is likely driven by the higher tumor stiffness and different viscoelastic relaxation rate, as well as the higher tumor oxygen metabolism rate.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics and biotechnology
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging
(170.3890) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics instrumentation
(170.4580) Medical optics and biotechnology : Optical diagnostics for medicine
(170.2655) Medical optics and biotechnology : Functional monitoring and imaging

ToC Category:
Optics in Cancer Research

Original Manuscript: July 26, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 24, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 25, 2013
Published: November 22, 2013

Stefan A. Carp, Amir Y. Sajjadi, Christy M. Wanyo, Qianqian Fang, Michelle C. Specht, Lidia Schapira, Beverly Moy, Aditya Bardia, David A. Boas, and Steven J. Isakoff, "Hemodynamic signature of breast cancer under fractional mammographic compression using a dynamic diffuse optical tomography system," Biomed. Opt. Express 4, 2911-2924 (2013)

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