The influence of the KTiOPO4 (KTP) crystal boundary temperature on conversion efficiency in high power green laser has been studied theoretically and experimentally. Temperature distribution inside the KTP crystal has been analyzed by solving the thermal conductivity equation. From the temperature distribution inside the KTP crystal, we have calculated the optimal phase-matching angles of the type-II KTP crystal as a function of temperature. The second-harmonic conversion efficiency as a function of temperature has also been calculated. In the experiment, two KTP crystals with different phase-matching angles were used in the intrcavity-frequency-doubled resonator. When the boundary temperature of KTP-A (? = 23.6o, ? = 90o under the condition of 27 oC temperature) was setting at 4 oC, a maximum green light power of 104 W was generated at repetition rate of 20.7 kHz and pulse width of 132 nm with pumping current of laser diode of 18.3 A, leading to 10.2% optical-to-optical conversion efficiency. When KTP-B crystal (? = 24.68o, ? = 90o under the condition of 80 oC temperature) was employed, an average output power of 110 W at 532 nm has been achieved with values of 11.5% and 2% for the optical-to-optical efficiency and the instability, respectively. The optimal boundary temperature of this KTP crystal has been found to be 48.8 oC.
© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters
(140.3480) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, diode-pumped
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4870) Nonlinear optics : Photothermal effects
Degang Xu, Jianquan Yao, Baigang Zhang, Shiyong Zhao, Rui Zhou, Xin Ding, Wuqi Wen, and Peng Wang, "Influence of the KTP crystal boundary temperature on conversion efficiency in high power green laser," Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, 85-88 (2005)