We numerically investigate the trade-offs between the dispersion properties, coupling efficiency, and geometrical constraints in dual-wire (twin-lead) terahertz (THz) waveguides. In particular, we show that their inherent linearly polarized quasi-transverse electromagnetic (TEM) modes exist for waveguide transverse dimensions comparable with the wavelength, enabling significant end-fire coupling (>10%) for numericalaperture limited Gaussian beams while supporting a relatively low-dispersion propagation of below 0.5 ps2/m, as desired for short-pulse time-domain spectroscopy applications. Starting from the dual-wire structure, we also demonstrate that low-dispersion tapers can be designed to improve coupling efficiency.
© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters
Metamaterials, plasmon polaritons, and waveguides in terahertz region
P. Tannouri, M. Peccianti, P. L. Lavertu, F. Vidal, and R. Morandotti, "Quasi-TEM mode propagation in twin-wire THz waveguides (Invited Paper)," Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 110013- (2011)