Head-up displays (HUDs) enable a pilot to manage aircraft activities by facilitating simultaneous access to the flight instrument data and to the outside scene. However, HUDs can also distract a pilot. This study shows that HUD luminance non-uniformity may force inappropriate distribution of attention between the events shown on HUD symbology and the outside scene because of the resultant differential contrast in the display area. Results of statistical analysis demonstrate considerable effects of HUD image luminance and ambient luminance, as well as their interaction, on the detection of events displayed on an HUD and the outside scene.
© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics
Vinod Karar and Smarajit Ghosh, "Estimation of tunneling effect caused by luminance non-uniformity in head-up displays," Chin. Opt. Lett. 12, 013301- (2014)