Different from the cases discussed preciously, nonlinear changes of refractive index in the photorefractive materials are influenced by both the linear and quadratic electro-optic effect simultaneously now. Here we present the evolution equations of one-dimension incoherently coupled spatial soliton families due to two-photon effect in biased photorefractive crystals with both the linear and quadratic electro-optic effect and discuss their existence conditions and properties in detail. Our analysis indicates that these soliton families can exist in all three possible realizations: dark-dark, bright-bright and dark-bright provided that the incident beams have the same polarization, wavelength and are mutually incoherent. Finally, the stabilities of these soliton families have been discussed by means of beam propagation methods.
© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters
(160.2100) Materials : Electro-optical materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons
Lili Hao, Chunfeng Hou, and Qiang Wang, "Incoherently coupled spatial soliton families in biased two-photon photorefractive crystals with both the linear and quadratic electro-optic effect," Chin. Opt. Lett. 12, 041901- (2014)