Anti-resonant reflecting photonic crystal structure in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) to achieve photon confinement in lateral direction is introduced. This kind of design is proposed to support large aperture single-mode emission. A proper method to fabricate the proposed structure has also been discussed. Firstly a spacer layer will be fabricated between the active layer and pDBR layer. A hexagonal array of high-index cylinders will be designed by etching and re-growth on the spaced layer. The transverse modal property of the proposed structure has been investigated. An optimum design for the minimum radiation loss by considering of the cylinder diameter has been discussed in this paper.
© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters
Hairong Liu, Min Yan, Ping Shum, Xinliang Zhang, and Deming Liu, "Optimum design of anti-resonant reflecting photonic crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, S210-S212 (2005)