A universal approach to camera calibration based on features of some representative lines on traffic ground is presented. It uses only a set of three parallel edges with known intervals and one of their intersected lines with known slope to gain the focal length and orientation parameters of a camera. A set of equations that computes related camera parameters has been derived from geometric properties of the calibration pattern. With accurate analytical implementation, precision of the approach is only decided by accuracy of the calibration target selecting. Final experimental results have showed its validity by a snapshot from real automatic visual traffic surveillance (AVTS) scenes.
© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters
Zhaoxue Chen and Pengfei Shi, "A universal method for camera calibration in UITS scenes," Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, 69-72 (2005)