OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Display Technology

Journal of Display Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Editor: Shin-Tson Wu
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 1 — Sep. 1, 2005
  • pp: 125–

Three-Dimensional Imaging Methods Based on Multiview Images

Jung-Young Son and Bahram Javidi

Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 125- (2005)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1947 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

Three-dimensional imaging methods, based on parallaxes as their depth cues, can be classified into the stereoscopic providing binocular parallax only, and multiview providing both binocular and motion parallaxes. In these methods, the parallaxes are provided by creating a viewing zone with use of either a special optical eyeglasses or a special optical plate as their viewing zone-forming optics. For the stereoscopic image generations, either the eyeglasses or the optical plate can be employed, but for the multiview the optical plate or the eyeglasses with a tracking device. The stereoscopic image pair and the multiview images are presented either simultaneously or as a time sequence with use of projectors or display panels. For the case of multiview images,they can also be presented as two images at a time according to the viewer's movements. The presence of the viewing zone-forming optics often causes undesirable problems, such as appearance of moiré fringes, image quality deterioration,depth reversion, limiting viewing regions, low image brightness, image burring,and inconveniences of wearing.

© 2005 IEEE

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Citation
Jung-Young Son and Bahram Javidi, "Three-Dimensional Imaging Methods Based on Multiview Images," J. Display Technol. 1, 125- (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jdt/abstract.cfm?URI=jdt-1-1-125


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. B. G. Blundell and A. J. Schwarz, Volumetric Three-Dimensional Display Systems, New York: Wiley, 2000, ch. 1, pp. 1-10.
  2. R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography, Student Edition, New York: Academic, 1971, ch. 1, pp. 15-21.
  3. L. Lipton, Foundations of the Stereoscopic Cinema, A Study in Depth , New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1982, ch. 2, pp. 59-60.
  4. D. F. McAllister, Ed. Stereo Computer Graphics and Other True 3D Technologies, Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1995, ch. 4, pp. 61-68.
  5. (2005, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMAX
  6. I. P. Howard and B. J. R. Rogers, Binocular Vision and Stereopsis , Oxford: U.K.: Oxford Univ. Press, 1995, ch. 1, pp. 1-30.
  7. (2005, www.3dmagic.com/articles/sit.html
  8. J. Hamajaki, "3D display technologies in Japan, present status and 3D-TV on a CRT", in ITEC'91 ITE Annu. Convention, Tokyo, Japan, 1991, pp. 587-590.
  9. H. Isono, M. Yasudsa, D. Takemori, H. Kanayama, C. Yasuda and K. Chiba, "50-inch autostereoscopic full-color 3-D TV display system", in Proc. SPIE , vol. 1669, 1992, pp. 176-185.
  10. J. Eichenlaub, D. Hollands and J. Hutchins, "A prototype flat panel hologram-like display that produces multiple perspective views at full resolution", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 2409, 1995, pp. 102-112.
  11. G. Bader, E. Lueder and J. Fuhrmann, "An autostereoscopic real-time 3D display system", in Proc. Eur. Display'96, SID, 1996, pp. 101-104.
  12. A. Lit, "The magnitude of the pulfirch stereo-phenomenon as a function of binocular difference of intensity at various levels of illumination", Amer. J. Psychol., vol. 62, pp. 159-181, 1949.
  13. V. G. Komar and O. B. Serov, Art Holography and Holographic Cinematograthy (Russian Edition), Moscow: Russia: Iskusstvo, 1990, ch. 1.6, pp. 132-147.
  14. V. V. Smirnov, J.-Y. Son, H.-W. Jeon, H.-S. Lee and Y.-J. Choi, "A full color reflection type holographic screen", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3293, 1998, pp. 175- 182.
  15. G. P. Nordin, J. H. Kulik, M. Jones, P. Nasiatka, R. G. Lindquist and S. T. Kowel, "Demonstration of novel three-dimensional autostereoscopic display", Opt. Lett., vol. 19, pp. 901-903, Jun. 1994 .
  16. M. R. Shires, "Real-time autostereoscopic 3D video display using holographic optical elements", U.S. Pat. 5 521 724, May 28, 1996.
  17. T. Toda, S. Takahashi and F. Iwata, "3D video system using grating image", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 2406, 1995, pp. 191-198.
  18. K. Sakamoto, H. Ueda, H. Takahashi and E. Shimizu, "An approach to 3-D real-time cylindrical solid-state display system", in Proc. 3D Image Conf.' 96, Operating Committee of 3D Image Conf., Tokyo, Japan, 1996, pp. 96-101.
  19. D. Trayner and E. Orr, "Developments in autostereoscopic displays using holographic optical elements", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 167-174.
  20. P. V. Harman, "Retroreflective screens and their applications to autostereoscopic display", in Proc. SPIE , vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 145-153.
  21. A. Schwerdtner and H. Heidrich, "The dresden 3D display (D4D)", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3295, 1998, pp. 203-210.
  22. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn and H.-H. Choi, "Parameters for designing autostereoscopic imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and IP plates", Opt. Eng. , vol. 42, pp. 3326-3333, 2003.
  23. "The Stipulations on 3-D TV Set by CCIR Study Program 1C-1/11: Constitution of a System of Stereoscopic Television (1958-86)", CCIR was renamed as IRE (International Radio Commission), 1986.
  24. D. E. Mentley, "State of flat-panel display technology and future trends", Proc. IEEE, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 453-459, Apr. 2002.
  25. J. Hamasaki, "Autostereoscopic 3D television experiments," in Optics in Four Dimension, M. Machado, L. Narducci, Eds. New York: Amer. Inst. of Physics, 1981, pp. 531-556.
  26. H. E. Ives, "Optical properties of Lippmann lenticulated sheet", J. Opt. Soc. Am., vol. 21, pp. 171-176, 1931.
  27. C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 58, pp. 71-76, 1967 .
  28. L. Erdmann and K. J. Gabriel, "High resolution digital integral photography by use of a scanning microlens array", Appl. Opt., vol. 40, pp. 5592-5599, 2001.
  29. F. Okano, H. Hoshino and I. Yuyama, "Real time pickup method for a three dimensional image based on integral photography", Appl. Opt., vol. 36, pp. 1598-1603, 1997.
  30. J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, "Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging with nonstationsary micro-optics", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 324-326, 2003.
  31. H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata and T. Dohi, "High quality integral videography by using a multi-projector", Opt. Exp., vol. 12, pp. 1067-1076, 2004.
  32. T. Motoki, H. Isono and I. Yuyama, "Present status of three-dimensional television research", Proc. IEEE, vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 1009 -1021, Jul. 1995.
  33. A. R. L. Travis, "The display of three-dimensional video images", Proc. IEEE, vol. 85, no. 11, pp. 1817-1832, Nov. 1997.
  34. T. Okoshi, 3 Dimensional Imaging Techniques, New York: Academic, 1976, ch. 2, pp. 8-42.
  35. T. Izumi, Fundamental of 3-D Imaging Techniques (Japanese Edition), Ohmsa, Tokyo: Japan: NHK Science and Technology Lab., 1995, ch. 1, pp. 1-7.
  36. T. Izumi, Fundamental of 3-D Imaging Techniques (Japanese Edition), Ohmsa, Tokyo: Japan: NHK Science and Technology Lab., 1995, ch. 6, pp. 141-143.
  37. D. F. McAllister,Ed. Stereo Computer Graphics and Other True 3D Technologies, Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1995, ch. 4, pp. 30-31 .
  38. T. Endo and E. Shimizu, "A head mounted display using a holographic optical element," in Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology, B. Javidi, and F. Okano, Eds. New York: Springer, 2002, ch. 4, pp. 69-99.
  39. C. Cruz-Neira, D. J. Sandin and T. A. Defani, "Surround-screen projection-based virtual reality: The design and implementation of the CAVE", in Computer Graphics (SIGGRAPH'93 Proc.), vol. 27, 1993, pp. 135-142.
  40. J. Y. Son, "Autostereoscopic imaging system based on special optical plates," in Three-Dimensional Television,Video, and Display Technology, B. Javidi, and F. Okano, Eds. New York: Springer, 2002, ch. 2, pp. 41-64.
  41. A. G. Boltanskaya and N. A. Ovshahikova, "Stereoscopic cinema in soviet pavilion in EXPO-70", Techniques of Cinema and TV (Russian Journal), no. 10, pp. 22-27, 1970.
  42. R. Borner, "Autostereoskopiche ruckprojektions und flachbildschirme", FKT, vol. 48, pp. 594-600, 1994.
  43. V. G. Komar and O. B. Serov, Art Holography and Holographic Cinematograthy (Russian Edition), Moscow: Russia: Iskusstvo, 1987, ch. I.6, pp. 141-143.
  44. S. McKay, G. Mair, S. Mason and K. Revie, "Membrane mirror based autostereoscopic display for tele-operation and telepresence applications", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3957, 2000, pp. 198-207.
  45. A. Arimoto, T. Ooshima, T. Tani and T. Kaneko, "Wide viewing area glassless stereoscopic display using multiple projectors", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3295, 1998, pp. 186-192.
  46. J. Y. Son and V. I. Bobrinev, "Autosteroscopic imaging systems based on holographic screen (pp30-60)," in Three-Dimensional Video and Display; Devices and Systems, B. Javidi, and F. Okano, Eds. Washington, DC: SPIE Optical Eng. Press, 2001, pp. 30-60.
  47. H. Morishima, H. Nose, N. Taniguchi, K. Inoguchi and S. Matsumura, "Rear cross lenticular 3D display without eyeglasses", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3295, 1998, pp. 193-202.
  48. J. Eichenlaub, "A lightweight, compact 2D/3D autostereoscopic LCD backlight for games, monotor and notebook applications", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3295, 1998, pp. 180- 185.
  49. D. Trayner and E. Orr, "Developments in autostereoscopic displays using holographic optical elements", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 167-174.
  50. S. M. Faris, "Micro-polarizer arrays applied to a new class of stereoscopic imaging", in SID 91 Dig., 1991, pp. 840-843.
  51. S. Sato, "Glasses-free 3D-LCD backlighted through different polarization states", in 3 Dimensional Image Conf. 1998 by Operating Committee of 3 Dimensional Image Conf. 1998, 1998, pp. 22-27.
  52. P. Surman, I. Sexton, R. Bates, K. C. Yow and W. K. Lee, "A multi-viewer, head-tracked 3D television display", in Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops, Niigata, Japan,Dec. 8-10 2004, pp. 1447-1450.
  53. C.-H. Tsai, K. Lee, W.-J. Hsueh and C. K. Lee, "Flat panel autostereoscopic display", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 4297, 2001, pp. 165- 174.
  54. T. Hattori, S. Sakuma, K. Katayama, S. Omori, M. Hayashi and M. Yokoi, "Stereoscopic liquid crystal display I (general description)", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 2177, 1993, pp. 143-149.
  55. Y. Nishida, T. Hattori, S. Omori, J. Suziki, K. Katayama and S. Sakuma, "Simplification of infrared illumination of stereoscopic liquid crystal display", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 2409, 1995, pp. 96-101.
  56. J.-Y. Son, Y. Gruts, J.-H. Chun, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Bahn and V. I. Bobrinev, "Distortion analysis in stereoscopic images", Opt. Eng., vol. 41, pp. 680-685, 2002.
  57. www.extremetech.com
  58. www.globalsources.com/gsol/1/Plasma-Display
  59. C. van Berkel, A. R. Franklin and J. R. Mansell, "Design and applications of multiview 3D-LCD", in Proc. Eur. Display'96, SID, 1996, pp. 109 -112.
  60. R. Boerner, "Three autostereoscopic 1.25 m diagonal rear projection systems with tracking features", in Proc. Fourth Int. Display Workshops IDW-97, Japan, 1997, pp. 835-838.
  61. S. P. Hines, "Autostereoscopic video display with motion parallax", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 208-219.
  62. A. R. L. Travis, S. R. Lang, J. R. Moore and N. A. Dodgson, "Time-multiplexed three-dimensional video display", in SID 95 Dig., 1995, pp. 851-853.
  63. J.-Y. Son, V. G. Komar, Y.-S. Chun, S. Sabo, V. Mayorov, L. Balasny, S. Belyaev, M. Semin, M. Krutik and H.-W. Jeon, "A multiview 3 dimensional imaging system with full color capabilities", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3295A, 1998, pp. 218-225.
  64. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Smirnov, K.-T. Kim and Y.-S. Chun, "A 16-views TV system based on spatial joining of viewing zones", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3957, 2000, pp. 184-190.
  65. H. Yamamoto, S. Muguruma, Y. Hayasaki, Y. Nagai, Y. Shimizu and N. Nishida, "Reduction of the thickness of lenticular stereoscopic display using full color LED panel", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 4660, 2002, pp. 236-245.
  66. M. C. Forman, N. Davies and M. McCormick, "Continuous parallax in discrete pixelated integral three-dimensional displays", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 411-420, 2003.
  67. K. Susami, S. Abe, Y. Kajiki, T. Endo, T. Hatada and T. Honda, "Ocular vergence and accommodative state to super multi-view stereoscopic image", in 3 Dimensional Image Conf. 2000 by Operating Committee of 3 Dimensional Image Conf. 2000, 2000, pp. 155 -158.
  68. C. van Berkel and J. A. Clarke, "Characterization and optimization of 3D-LCD module design", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 179-186.
  69. A. Schmidt and A. Grasnick, "Multi-viewpoint autostereoscopic displays from 4D-vision", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 4660, 2002, pp. 212-221.
  70. M. Brewin, M. Forman and N. Davis, "Electronic capture and display of full parallax 3D images", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 2409, 1995, pp. 118-124.
  71. J. S. Jang and B. Javidi, "Large depth-of-focus time-multiplexed three-dimensional integral imaging by use of lenslets with nonuniform focal lengths and aperture sizes", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 20, pp. 1924 -1926, 2003.
  72. H. Heidrich, A. Schwerdtner, A. Glstte and H. Mix, "Eye position detection system", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3957, 2000, pp. 192-197.
  73. H. Imai, S. Tsujikawa and M. Imai, "Viewing-point detection system using specific image processing for eye-postion tracking autostereoscopic display", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3639, 1999, pp. 92- 98.
  74. M. Andiel, S. Hentschke, T. Elle and E. Fuchs, "Eye-tracking for autostereoscopic display using web. cams", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 4660, 2002, pp. 200-206.
  75. N. Tetsutani, K. Omura and K. Kishino, "Wide-screen autostereoscopic display system employing head tracking", Opt. Eng., vol. 33, pp. 3690-3697, 1994.
  76. J. Y. Son, J. S. Kim, Y. J. Choi and S. Chestak, "Desktop autostereoscopic display with head tracking capability", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 4297, 2001, pp. 160-164.
  77. G. J. Woodgate, D. Ezra, J. Harrold, N. S. Holliman, G. R. Jones and R. R. Moseley, "Observer tracking autostereoscopic 3D display systems", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 187-198.
  78. S. A. Shestak, J.-Y. Son, H.-W. Jeon and V. G. Komar, "Sliding aperture multiview 3-D camera-projector system and its application for 3-D image transmission and IR to visible conversion", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 96-106.
  79. Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa and T. Honda, "Hologram like video images by 45-view stereoscopic display", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 3012, 1997, pp. 154-166.
  80. Y. Takaki and H. Nakanuma, "Improvement of multiple imaging system used for natural 3D display which generates high-density directional images", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 5243, 2003, pp. 43-49.
  81. M. Watanabe, K. Sunahara, Y. Hasegawa, H. Nate and Y. Takaki, "Evaluation of discontinuity in 3D images generated by high-density directional images", in Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops, Niigata, Japan,Dec. 8-10 2004, pp. 1547-1550.
  82. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, J.-S. Kim, S.-S. Kim and B. Javidi, "Viewing zones in 3-D imaging systems based on lenticular, parallax barrier and microlens array plates", Appl. Opt. , vol. 43, no. 26, pp. 4985-4992, 2004.
  83. T. F. Budinger, "An analysis of 3-D display strategies", in SPIE, vol. 507, 1984.
  84. (2005) [Online]. Available: www.lcdnfo.com or www.iiyama.us
  85. J.-Y. Son, V. V. Saveljev, K.-T. Kim and S.-S. Kim, "Minimizing moire fringes in contact-type 3 dimensional imaging systems", in Proc. 17th Annu. Meeting IEEE LEOS'2004, 2004, pp. 350-351.
  86. S. T. de Zwart, W. L. Ijzerman, T. Dekker and W. A. M. Wolter, ""A 20"Switchable auto-stereoscopic 2D/3D display", in Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops, Niigata, Japan,Dec. 8-10 2004, pp. 1459-1460.
  87. H. Isono, M. Yasudsa and H. Sasazawa, "Autostereoscopic 3D LCD display using LCD-generated parallax barrier", in 12th Int. Display Res. Conf. Japan, Display'92, 1992, pp. 303-306.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited