In this paper, the vapor-deposited and solution-processed organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology development paradigms are described and then compared with respect to their prospects for enabling general lighting applications. Two key development needs are improved device efficiency and lower cost fabrication methods. Progress in these areas for solution-processed OLEDs is illustrated by describing recent methods for attaining high efficiency blue emission and introducing novel low cost process methods for device fabrication which enable high performance devices without the need for any vacuum processing steps.
© 2007 IEEE
Anil R. Duggal, Christian M. Heller, Joseph J. Shiang, Jie Liu, and Larry N. Lewis, "Solution-Processed Organic Light-Emitting Diodes for Lighting," J. Display Technol. 3, 184-192 (2007)