OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Display Technology

Journal of Display Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 6, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2010
  • pp: 412–421

A Fast Optimization Method for Extension of Depth-of-Field in Three-Dimensional Task-Specific Imaging Systems

Saeed Bagheri, Zahra Kavehvash, Khashayar Mehrany, and Bahram Javidi

Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 6, Issue 10, pp. 412-421 (2010)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1076 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

In this paper, we present a novel approach to generate images of extended depth-of-field (DOF) to support realization of three-dimensional (3D) imaging systems such as integral imaging. In our approach in extending the DOF, we take advantage of the spatial frequency spectrum of the object specific to the task in hand. The pupil function is thus engineered in such a fashion that the modulation transfer function (MTF) is maximized only in these selected spatial frequencies. We extract these high energy spatial frequencies using the principal component analysis (PCA) method. Moreover, given the need for many pupil function engineering steps in 3D imaging systems, we have constructed an approximate expression for MTF to be used in the design of optimum amplitude and/or phase pupil filter. Moreover, we have optimized the DOF extension process with blocking the minimum possible area in the pupil plane. This maximizes the output image quality (e.g. 10% DOF improvement) compared to the existing methods where non-optimal blocking of the lens area may cause more degradation in output image quality. Experimental results are presented to illustrate our proposed approach.

© 2010 IEEE

Citation
Saeed Bagheri, Zahra Kavehvash, Khashayar Mehrany, and Bahram Javidi, "A Fast Optimization Method for Extension of Depth-of-Field in Three-Dimensional Task-Specific Imaging Systems," J. Display Technol. 6, 412-421 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jdt/abstract.cfm?URI=jdt-6-10-412


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. B. Javidi, F. Okana, Three Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technologies (Springer, 2002).
  2. S. A. Benton, "Selected papers on three-dimensional displays," SPIE (2001).
  3. T. Okashi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).
  4. G. Lippmann, "La photographic integrale," Comtes-Rendus 146, 446-451 (1908).
  5. H. E. Ives, "Optical properties of a Lippman lenticulated sheet," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 21, 171-176 (1931).
  6. C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).
  7. A. Stern, B. Javidi, "3D image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-608 (2006).
  8. L. Yang, M. McCornick, N. Davies, "Discussion of the optics of a new 3D imaging system," Appl. Opt. 27, 4529-4534 (1988).
  9. F. O, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).
  10. H. Choi, S. W. Min, S. Yung, J. H. Park, B. Lee, "Multiple viewing zone integral imaging using dynamic barrier array for three-dimensional displays," Opt. Exp. 11, 927-932 (2003).
  11. R. Martínez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Extended depth-of-field 3-D display and visualization by combination of amplitude-modulated microlenses and deconvolution tools," IEEE J. Display Technol. 1, 321-327 (2005).
  12. A. Castro, Y. Frauel, B. Javidi, "Integral imaging with large depth of field using an asymmetric phase mask," Opt. Exp. 15, 10266-10273 (2007).
  13. S. Bagheri, B. Javidi, "Extension of the depth of field in integral imaging: An overview," SPIE Proc. Three-Dimensional Imag., Visualiz., and Display (2009) pp. 732906.
  14. B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. Yeom, "Three-dimensional identification of biological microorganism using integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 14, 12095-12107 (2006).
  15. J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional integral imaging of micro-objects," Opt. Lett. 29, 1230-1232 (2004).
  16. M. Levoy, Z. Zhang, I. McDowall, "Recording and controlling the 4d light field in a microscope objects," J. Microscopy 235, 144-162 (2009).
  17. S. Bagheri, P. E. X. Silveira, D. P. de Farias, "Analytical optimal solution of the extension of the depth of field using cubic-phase wavefront coding. part i. reduced-complexity approximate representation of the modulation transfer function," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 25, 1051-1063 (2008).
  18. S. Bagheri, P. E. X. Silveira, R. Narayanswamy, D. P. de Farias, "Analytical optimal solution of the extension of the depth of field using cubic-phase wavefront coding. Part II. Design and optimization of the cubic phase," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 25, 1064-1074 (2008).
  19. J. Ojeda-Castaeda, R. Ramos, A. Noyola-Isgleas, "High focal depth by apodization and digital restoration," Appl. Opt. 27, 2583-2586 (1988).
  20. J. Ojeda-Castaeda, E. Tepichin, A. Diaz, "Arbitrary high focal depth with a quasioptimum real and positive transmittance apodizer," Appl. Opt. 28, 2666-2670 (1989).
  21. J. Ojeda-Castaeda, L. R. Berriel-Valdos, "Zone plate for arbitrarily high focal depth," Appl. Opt. 29, 994-997 (1990).
  22. S. Bagheri, B. Javidi, "Extension of depth of field using amplitude and phase modulation of the pupil function," Opt. Lett. 33, 757-759 (2008).
  23. P. E. X. Silveira, R. Narayanswamy, "Signal-to-noise analysis of task-based imaging systems with defocus," Appl. Opt. 45, 2924-2934 (2006).
  24. S. Bagheri, D. P. de Farias, G. Barbastathis, M. A. Neifeld, "Reduced-complexity representation of the coherent point-spread function in the presence of aberrations and arbitrarily large defocus," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 23, 2476-2493 (2006).
  25. S. Bagheri, P. E. X. Silveria, G. Barbastathis, "Signal-to-noise-ratio limit to the depth-of-field extension for imaging systems with an arbitrary pupil function," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 26, (2009).
  26. S. Bagheri, "Signal-to-noise-ratio limit to the depth-of-field extension for task-specific imaging systems with an arbitrary pupil function," Comput. Opt. Sensing and Imag. (COSI) (2009).
  27. S. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996).
  28. W. T. Welford, "Use of annular aperture to increase focal depth," Opt. Soc. Amer. A. 50, 749-753 (1960).
  29. R. C. Gonzales, R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, 2002).
  30. J. Shlens, “A tutorial on principal component analysis,” Salk Institute for Biological Studies Tech. Rep. (2005).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited