The possibility to directly pattern indium–tin–oxide (ITO) layers at ambient conditions by printing has many benefits. Printing, being an additive process, would greatly reduce the amount of energy, labor and material used by the current manufacturing processes to deposit and pattern ITO. In this work, gravure printability of ITO nanoparticles on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was studied. A wide range of sheet resistivites and film thicknesses was obtained by varying the specifications of the gravure cells. From the regression analysis of the results, a good estimation of sheet resistivity of the printed films at different gravure cell volumes and aspect ratios (AR) was achieved. The films also showed transparency above 95% in the visible light region. In addition, printed ITO films were assessed for mechanical flexibility and the results compared to commercially available sputtered ITO films on PET. The electrical performance of printed ITO layers was not deteriorated with bending in contrast to the sputtered films. Therefore, printed ITO films can be of great benefit for applications in flexible electronics such as organic photovoltaics (OPV), liquid crystal displays (LCD), organic light-emitting diodes (OLED), touch screens, biosensors and utilization in the field of energy efficiency, especially in buildings.
© 2012 IEEE
Dania A. Alsaid, Erika Rebrosova, Margaret Joyce, Marian Rebros, M. Atashbar, and Bradley Bazuin, "Gravure Printing of ITO Transparent Electrodes for Applications in Flexible Electronics," J. Display Technol. 8, 391-396 (2012)