OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Display Technology

Journal of Display Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 8, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2012
  • pp: 424–429

Critical Fusion Frequency for Bright and Wide Field-of-View Image Display

Masaki Emoto and Masayuki Sugawara

Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 8, Issue 7, pp. 424-429 (2012)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1673 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

The use of bright and wide field-of-view (FOV) displays in future TV systems will enable us to enjoy TV programs with a rich sense of presence, i.e., a sense of “being there.” However, such displays can strongly stimulate human peripheral vision, which is sensitive to flicker. The recent widespread adoption of hold-type displays such as liquid crystal displays might circumvent the flicker problem in current TV systems. For temporal specification of future TV systems with bright and wide FOV displays, we measured the critical fusion frequency (CFF) in 26 participants, using varying luminance, duty ratios, and FOVs. We showed that CFF depended on the duty ratio and the FOV, and that more than 90 Hz was required to avoid flicker perception with wide FOV displays. Moreover, we demonstrated that flicker was regularly perceived in viewing wide FOV natural images presented at 60 Hz with a 50% duty ratio.

© 2012 IEEE

Citation
Masaki Emoto and Masayuki Sugawara, "Critical Fusion Frequency for Bright and Wide Field-of-View Image Display," J. Display Technol. 8, 424-429 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jdt/abstract.cfm?URI=jdt-8-7-424


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. M. Kanazawa, "An ultrahigh-definition display using the pixel-offset method," J. SID 12, 93-103 (2004).
  2. M. Sugawara, "Ultrahigh-definition video system with 4000 scanning lines," SMPTE Motion Imag. 112, 339-346 (2003).
  3. T. Hatada, H. Sakata, H. Kusaka, "Psychophysical analysis of the ‘sensation of reality’ induced by a visual wide-field display," SMPTE J. 89, 560-569 (1980).
  4. M. Emoto, K. Masaoka, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "The viewing angle dependency in the presence of wide field image viewing and its relationship to the evaluation indices," Displays 27, 80-89 (2006).
  5. G. F. A. Harding, P. M. Jeavons, Photosensitive Epilepsy (New Edition) (MacKeith, 1994).
  6. G. F. A. Harding, "TV can be bad for your health," Nat. Med. 4, 265-267 (1998).
  7. J. L. Brown, Flicker and Intermittent Stimulation (Wiley, 1966) pp. 251-320.
  8. A. B. Watson, Temporal Sensitivity (Wiley, 1986).
  9. C. Landis, An Annotated Bibliography of Flicker Fusion Phenomena (Univ. of Michigan Press, 1953) pp. 1740-1952.
  10. E. W. Engstrom, "A study of television image characteristics, part two," Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. (1935) pp. 295-310.
  11. T. Fijine, Y. Yoshida, M. Sugio, "The relationship between preferred luminance and TV screen size," Proc. SPIE, Image Qual. Syst. Perform. (2008) pp. 68080Z.1-68080Z.12.
  12. G. de Haan, M. A. Klompenhouwer, "Temporal aspects of emerging displays," Digest of the ICCE'01 (2001) pp. 42-43.
  13. K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, T. Taira, "Improving moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs," Dig. Tch. Papers 1997 SID Int. Symp. (1997) pp. 203-207.
  14. Y. Kuroki, T. Nishi, S. Kobayashi, H. Oyaizu, S. Yoshimura, "A psychophysical study of improvements in motion-image quality by using high frame rates," J. SID 15, 61-68 (2007).
  15. J. R. Jennings, "Editorial policy on analyses of variance with repeated measures," Psychophysiol. 24, 474-475 (1987).
  16. J. E. Farrell, B. L. Benson, C. R. Haynie, "Predicting flicker thresholds for video display terminals," Proc. SID (1987) pp. 449-453.
  17. C. W. Tyler, "Analysis of visual modulation sensitivity. III. Meridional variations in peripheral flicker sensitivity," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 4, 1612-1619 (1987).
  18. Test Materials to be Used in Subjective Assessment Rec. ITU-R BT.1210-1ITU (1997).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited