OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Display Technology

Journal of Display Technology


  • Vol. 8, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2012
  • pp: 534–538

Color Realization of Reflective Electronic Display Using Particle-Moving Method

Dong-Jin Lee, Byung-Eun Park, and Young-Cho Kim

Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 8, Issue 9, pp. 534-538 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (711 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We propose a color realization method of a reflective display based on quick response-liquid powder display (QR-LPD). We use the particle-moving method in order to address the color particles cyan, magenta, yellow, and black (CMYK) into their respective cells. We fabricated a color addressed reflective display panel using indium–tin–oxide (ITO) glass with a rib width of 15 $\mu$m, a cell size of 300 $\mu$m$\times$300 $\mu$m, an average particle diameter of 8 $\mu$m, and a particle charge to mass ratio (q/m) from ${+}{\hbox{8.5}}\ \mu$C/g to ${-}{\hbox{4}}\ \mu$C/g. Most particles are inserted into their cells on the upper substrate, with non-movable particles removed in a previous step. The fabricated color panel shows a well-addressed CMYK array in microscopic photographs. An additional color display is fabricated using line-by-line addressing in order to facilitate the addressing process.

© 2012 IEEE

Dong-Jin Lee, Byung-Eun Park, and Young-Cho Kim, "Color Realization of Reflective Electronic Display Using Particle-Moving Method," J. Display Technol. 8, 534-538 (2012)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. Mosley, "Liquid crystal displays—An overview," Displays 14, 67-73 (1993).
  2. J. Zhang, S. Sokhansnj, S. Wu, R. Fang, W. Yang, P. Winter, "A transformation technique from RGG signals to the Munsell system for color analysis of tobacco leaves," Computers and Electron. Agriculture 19, 155-166 (1998).
  3. T.-M. Lee, Y.-J. Choi, S.-Y. Nam, C.-W. You, D.-Y. Na, H.-C. Choi, D.-Y. Shin, K.-Y. Kim, K.-I. Jung, "Color filter patterned by screen printing," Thin Solid Films 516, 7875-7880 (2008).
  4. R. W. Sabnis, "Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays," Displays 20, 119-129 (1999).
  5. A. Henzen, "Development of e-paper color display technologies," SID 09 Dig. (2009) pp. 28-30.
  6. D. Davis, A. Kahn, X. Y. Huang, J. W. Deane, "Eight-color high resolution reflective cholesteric LCDs," SID 97 Dig. (1998) pp. 901-904.
  7. D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, J. Glasser, "Cholesteric reflective display: Drive scheme and contrast," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905-1907 (1994).
  8. K.-M. H. Lenssen, P. J. Baesjou, F. P. M. Budzelaar, M. H. W. M. van Delden, S. J. Roosendaal, L. W. G. Stofmeel, A. R. M. Verschueren, "Novel design for full-color electronic paper," SID 08 Dig. (2008) pp. 685-688.
  9. Korea Institute of Industrial TechnologySeoulKoreaMethod and apparatus for injecting particles into electronic paper using laser ROK Patent Appl. 10-2008-0113245 (2008).
  10. M.-K. Kim, Y. J. Lee, S. S. Bhattacharyya, M.-H. Lee, "Control of motion of Fullerene colloidals by dielectrophoretic force for electronic paper-like display," Current Appl. Phys. 11, 1192-1193 (2011).
  11. M. M. R. Williams, "The albedo problem with Fresnel reflection," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiative Transfer 98, 358-359 (2006).
  12. R. Hattori, S. Yamada, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, "Novel type of bistable reflective display using quick response liquid powder," SID 03 Dig. (2003) pp. 846-849.
  13. R. Hattori, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, A. Yokoo, S. Yamada, "High-voltage and low power consumption driver for an electronic paper," IMID/IDMC 06 Dig. (2006) pp. 222-223.
  14. R. Hattori, Y. Masuda, N. Nihei, R. Sakurai, S. Yamada, "Power consumption of a quick-response powder display (QR-LPD)," IMID 05 Dig. (2005) pp. 845-849.
  15. H. Jiang, L. Lu, "Measurement of the surface charge of ultrafine particles from laser printers and analysis of their electrostatic force," Atmospheric Environment 44, 3347-3351 (2010).
  16. D.-J. Lee, Y.-M. Oh, S.-W. Park, B.-E. Park, Y.-C. Kim, "Improvement of electric and optical properties of a reflective electronic display by particle-moving method," J. Display Technol. 8, 361-365 (2012).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited