OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Display Technology

Journal of Display Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 9, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2013
  • pp: 56–62

Three-Dimensional Photon Counting Axially Distributed Image Sensing

Myungjin Cho and Bahram Javidi

Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 9, Issue 1, pp. 56-62 (2013)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2180 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

In this paper, we present a 3D photon counting axially distributed image sensing system using statistical approaches, such as a maximum-likelihood estimation and total variation maximum a posteriori expectation maximization, to enhance the visual quality of 2D photon counting images and obtain better 3D reconstructed images. Conventional photon counting integral imaging is implemented by using a lens array, moving an image sensor in lateral (horizontal and vertical) directions, or using an image sensor array to obtain elemental images. To avoid lateral movement of the image sensor, axially distributed sensing is applied to photon counting imaging. A single image sensor is moved along its optical axis to pickup multi-view 2D images with slightly different perspectives which are used for 3D visualization. Axially distributed sensing (ADS) with proper statistical processing can remedy the effect of partial occlusion of the 3D scene. We show that our method can improve the visual quality of 2D photon counting images computationally and obtain the enhanced 3D reconstructed images.

© 2013 IEEE

Citation
Myungjin Cho and Bahram Javidi, "Three-Dimensional Photon Counting Axially Distributed Image Sensing," J. Display Technol. 9, 56-62 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jdt/abstract.cfm?URI=jdt-9-1-56


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. G. Lippmann, "La Photographie Integrale," Comptes-Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).
  2. H. E. Ives, "Optical properties of a lippmann lenticuled sheet," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 21, 171-176 (1931).
  3. C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).
  4. T. Okoshi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Technique (Academic, 1976).
  5. Y. Igarishi, H. Murata, M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer-generated integral photograph," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
  6. R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Enhanced depth of field integral imaging with sensor resolution constraints," Opt. Exp. 12, 5237-5242 (2004).
  7. F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).
  8. Three Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, Display (Springer, 2009).
  9. A. Stern, B. Javidi, "3D image sensing, visualization, processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-608 (2006).
  10. H. Hoshino, F. Okano, H. Isono, I. Yuyama, "Analysis of resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 15, 2059-2065 (1998).
  11. L. Yang, M. McCornick, N. Davies, "Discussion of the optics of a new 3-D imaging system," Appl. Opt. 27, 4529-4534 (1988).
  12. S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCornick, N. Davies, S. Y. Kung, "Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular- and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 1814-1821 (2001).
  13. H. Arimoto, B. Javidi, "Integral three-dimensional imaging with computed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 26, 157-159 (2001).
  14. R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3-D multiperspective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).
  15. J.-S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional synthetic aperture integral imaging," Opt. Lett. 27, 1144-1146 (2002).
  16. S. Yeom, B. Javidi, E. Watson, "Photon counting passive 3D image sensing for automatic target recognition," Opt. Exp. 13, 9310-9330 (2005).
  17. B. Tavakoli, B. Javidi, E. Watson, "Three dimensional visualization by photon counting computational integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 16, 4426-4436 (2008).
  18. M. DaneshPanah, B. Javidi, E. Watson, "Three dimensional object recognition with photon counting imagery in the presence of noise," Opt. Exp. 18, 26450-26460 (2010).
  19. R. Schulein, M. DaneshPanah, B. Javidi, "3D imaging with axially distributed sensing," Opt. Lett. 34, 2012-2014 (2009).
  20. M. Guillanume, P. Melon, P. Refregier, "Maximum-likelihood estimation of an astronomical image from a sequence at low photon levels," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 15, 2841-2848 (1998).
  21. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).
  22. D. Aloni, A. Stern, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional photon counting integral imaging reconstruction using penalized maximum likelihood expectation maximization," Opt. Exp. 19, 19681-19687 (2011).
  23. Y. Miyamoto, T. Kuga, M. Baba, M. Matsuoka, "Measurement of ultrafast optical pulses with two-photon interference," Opt. Lett. 18, 900-902 (1993).
  24. M. Bertero, P. Boccacci, G. Desidera, G. Vicidomini, "Image deblurring with Poisson data: From cells to galaxies," Inverse Probl. 25, 123006 (2009).
  25. P. J. Green, "Bayesian reconstructions from emission tomography data using a modified EM algorithm," IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 9, 84-93 (1990).
  26. V. Y. Panin, G. L. Zeng, G. T. Gullberg, "Total variation regulated EM algorithm," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 46, 32202-2210 (1999).
  27. X. Xiao, B. Javidi, "3D photon counting integral imaging with unknown sensor positions," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 29, 767-771 (2012).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited