We demonstrate the optoelectrical characteristics of thick well short-period InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well (MQW) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with H<sub>2</sub> in GaN barrier spacer layer. Introducing ramped H<sub>2</sub> in the GaN barrier spacer layer creates a wide range of severe well thickness variation randomly distributed in the thick InGaN well. The thickness-fluctuated InGaN well would effectively increase the carrier concentration in the region of the thick InGaN well region during the current injection. Moreover, the ramped H<sub>2</sub> in GaN barrier spacer layer would improve the interface and crystal quality of thick well short-period InGaN/GaN MQWs LEDs. Therefore, compared with traditional long-period InGaN/GaN MQW LEDs, thick well short-period InGaN/GaN MQW LEDs with fluctuated InGaN well thickness enhance output power (25.6% at 20 mA) and improve efficiency droop from 55.0% to 36.7%.
© 2012 IEEE
Wei-Chih Lai and Ya-Yu Yang, "Effects of H2 in GaN Barrier Spacer Layer of InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum-Well Light-Emitting Diodes," J. Display Technol. 9, 234-238 (2013)