In this study, we successfully transferred the patterns of a cone-shaped patterned sapphire substrate (CPSS) into SiO<sub>2</sub> layer to fabricate a cone-shaped SiO<sub>2</sub> patterned template by using nanoimprint lithography (NIL). The GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were grown on this template by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images suggest that the stacking faults formed near the cone-shaped SiO<sub>2</sub> patterns during the epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELOG) can effectively suppress the threading dislocations, which results in an enhancement of internal quantum efficiency. The Monte Carlo ray-tracing simulation reveals that the light extraction efficiency of the LED grown on cone-shaped SiO<sub>2</sub> patterned template can be enhanced as compared with the LED grown on CPSS. As a result, the light output power of the LED grown on cone-shaped SiO<sub>2</sub> patterned template outperformed the LED grown on CPSS.
© 2012 IEEE
Da-Wei Lin, Jhih-Kai Huang, Chia-Yu Lee, Ruey-Wen Chang, Yu-Pin Lan, Chien-Chung Lin, Kang-Yuan Lee, Chung-Hsiang Lin, Po-Tsung Lee, Gou-Chung Chi, and Hao-Chung Kuo, "Enhanced Light Output Power and Growth Mechanism of GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes Grown on Cone-Shaped SiO2 Patterned Template," J. Display Technol. 9, 285-291 (2013)