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Journal of Display Technology

Journal of Display Technology


  • Vol. 9, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2013
  • pp: 339–345

Design and Analysis of “Chess Board” Like Photonic Crystal Structure for Improved Light Extraction in GaN/InGaN LEDs

Saroj Kanta Patra, Sonachand Adhikari, and Suchandan Pal

Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 9, Issue 5, pp. 339-345 (2013)

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In this paper, we have proposed a “Chess board” like photonic crystal (PhC) structure on top surface of p-GaN/SiO2 layer in conventional LED, on top surface of n-GaN layer in vertical LED and an embedded PhC structure in n-GaN layer for achieving an improved light extraction in GaN/InGaN LEDs. The results are compared with that of the LED structures with conventional 2-D PhC structures and of the conventional LEDs. Results from these simulations show that the maximum light extraction for conventional LED having “Chess board” like structure occurs for a grating period of 0.6 μm with a grating-depth of 0.18 μm, which gives ~4 times enhancement compared to that of conventional LED and 1.2–1.4 times compared to that of LED with conventional 2-D PhCs. In case of a vertical LED, the maximum enhancement in light extraction occurs for the same grating-period with a depth of 0.5 μm, which is ~3.5 times compared to that of the conventional vertical LEDs. We have also simulated our proposed structure on top of SiO2-on-p-GaN layer in order to avoid the etching of p-GaN layer, which shows ~2.2 times enhancement in comparison to that of conventional LED. For the proposed embedded PhC structure in n-GaN layer, the light extraction is enhanced by a factor of 2.8–3.5 as compared to the conventional LED.

© 2013 IEEE

Saroj Kanta Patra, Sonachand Adhikari, and Suchandan Pal, "Design and Analysis of “Chess Board” Like Photonic Crystal Structure for Improved Light Extraction in GaN/InGaN LEDs," J. Display Technol. 9, 339-345 (2013)

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