OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Display Technology

Journal of Display Technology


  • Vol. 9, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2013
  • pp: 545–551

Mid-Wave Infrared 3D Integral Imaging at Long Range

Daniel LeMaster, Barry Karch, and Bahram Javidi

Journal of Display Technology, Vol. 9, Issue 7, pp. 545-551 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1300 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


Integral imaging is an established method for passive three-dimensional (3D) image formation, visualization, and ranging. The applications of integral imaging include significantly improved scene segmentation and the ability to visualize occluded objects. Past demonstrations of this technique have been mainly conducted over short ranges achievable in the laboratory. In this paper, we demonstrate 3D computational integral imaging for ranges out to 2 km using multiple looks from a single moving mid-wave infrared (MWIR) imager. We also demonstrate 3D visualization of occluded objects at ranges over 200 m. To our knowledge, this paper is the first such demonstration at these ranges and the first example of this technique using a mid wave IR imaging system. In addition to presenting results, we also outline our new approach for overcoming the technical challenges unique to long range applications of integral imaging. Future applications of long range 3D integral imaging may include aerospace, search and rescue, satellite 3D imaging, etc.

© 2013 IEEE

Daniel LeMaster, Barry Karch, and Bahram Javidi, "Mid-Wave Infrared 3D Integral Imaging at Long Range," J. Display Technol. 9, 545-551 (2013)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. B. Javidi, F. Okano, J.-Y. Son, Three-Dimensional Imaging, Visualization, and Display Technologies (Springer Verlag, 2008).
  2. C. B. Burckhardt, "Optimum parameters and resolution limitation of integral photography," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 58, 71-76 (1968).
  3. A. Stern, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).
  4. F. Okano, J. Arai, K. Mitani, M. Okui, "Real-time integral imaging based on extremely high resolution video system," Proc. IEEE 94, 490-501 (2006).
  5. R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, "Progress in 3D multiperspective display by integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 97, 1067-1077 (2009).
  6. T. Okoshi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).
  7. G. Lippmann, "La photographie integrale," Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences 146, 446-451 (1908).
  8. J. Arai, F. Okano, H. Hoshino, I. Yuyama, "Gradient index lens array method based on real time integral photography for three dimensional images," Appl. Opt. 37, 2034-2045 (1998).
  9. L. Yang, M. McCornick, N. Davies, "Discussion of the optics of a new 3-D imaging system," Appl. Opt. 27, 4529-4534 (1988).
  10. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuyama, "Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).
  11. B. Lee, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, "Viewing-angle-enhanced integral imaging using lens switching," Opt. Lett. 27, 818-820 (2002).
  12. M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, "Integral imaging with improved depth of field by use of amplitude modulated microlens array," Appl. Opt. 43, 5806-5813 (2004).
  13. J.-S. Jang, F. Jin, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus by use of real and virtual image fields," Opt. Lett. 28, 1421-1423 (2003).
  14. B. Javidi, I. Moon, S. Yeom, "Three-dimensional identification of biological microorganism using integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 14, 12095-12107 (2006).
  15. B. Tavakoli, B. Javidi, E. Watson, "Three dimensional visualization by photon counting computational integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 16, 4426-4436 (2008).
  16. R. Schulein, B. Javidi, "Underwater multiview three-dimensional imaging," J. Display Technol. 4, 351-353 (2008).
  17. J.-S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional integral imaging of micro-objects," Opt. Lett. 29, 1230-1232 (2004).
  18. B. Javidi, Y. S. Hwang, "Passive near-infrared 3D sensing and computational reconstruction with synthetic aperture integral imaging," J. Display Technol. 4, 3-5 (2008).
  19. A. Stern, B. Javidi, "3-D computational synthetic aperture integral imaging (COMPSAII)," J. Opt. Express (2003) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-19-2446.
  20. J. S. Jang, B. Javidi, "Three dimensional synthetic aperture integral imaging," J. Opt. Lett. 27, 1144-1146 (2002).
  21. X. Xiao, M. DaneshPanah, M. Cho, B. Javidi, "3D integral imaging using sparse sensors with unknown positions," J. Display Technol. 6, 614-619 (2010).
  22. M. DaneshPanah, B. Javidi, "Profilometry and optical slicing by passive three-dimensional imaging," Opt. Lett. 34, 1105-1107 (2009).
  23. S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, S. Y. Kung, "\Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular- and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 18, 1814 (2001).
  24. D. Shin, M. Daneshpanah, B. Javidi, "Generalization of three-dimensional ${N}$ -ocular imaging systems under fixed resource constraints," Opt. Lett. 37, 19-21 (2012).
  25. D. H. Shin, B. Javidi, "Resolution analysis of ${N}$ -ocular imaging systems with tilted image sensors," J. Display Technol. 8, 529-533 (2012).
  26. P. F. McManamon, B. Javidi, E. A. Watson, M. Daneshpanah, R. Schulein, "New paradigms for active and passive 3D remote object sensing, visualization, and recognition," Proc. SPIE (2008).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited