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Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1999
  • pp: 2285–

Intensity-Dependent Phase-Matching Effects on Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Fibers

Shuxian Song, Christopher T. Allen, Kenneth R. Demarest, and Rongqing Hui

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 17, Issue 11, pp. 2285- (1999)

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A new phase-matching factor is derived for four-wave mixing (FWM) that includes the effects of self-phase and cross-phase modulation in optical fibers. Theoretical results predict that the wavelength of peak FWM efficiency shifts away from the fiber zero-dispersion wavelength and indicate that the conventional phase-matching factor may induce significant errors in FWM calculations. Experiments are presented to verify the new phase-matching factor and the related theoretical results. The measured results agree well with those predicted by the new phase-matching factor.


Shuxian Song, Christopher T. Allen, Kenneth R. Demarest, and Rongqing Hui, "Intensity-Dependent Phase-Matching Effects on Four-Wave Mixing in Optical Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2285- (1999)

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  1. R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, F. Forghieri, A. H. Gnauck, and R. M. Derosier, "Four-photon mixing and high-speed WDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 841-8849, May 1995.
  2. F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, and A. R. Chraplyvy, "WDM system with unequally spaced channels," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 889-897, May 1995.
  3. K. Inoue and H. Toba, "Fiber four-wave mixing in multi-amplifier systems with nonuniform chromatic dispersion," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 89-93, Jan. 1995.
  4. W. Zeiler, F. D. Pasquale, P. Bayvl, and J. E. Midwinter, "Modeling of four-wave mixng and gain peaking in amplifid WDM optical communication systems and networks," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 1933-1942, Sept. 1996.
  5. W. Huang and J. Hong, "A coupled-mode analysis of modulation instability in optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 156-62, Feb. 1992.

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