OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 22, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1694–

RF Transmission Over Multimode Fibers Using VCSELs - Comparing Standard and High-Bandwidth Multimode Fibers

Christina Carlsson, Anders Larsson, and Arne Alping

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 22, Issue 7, pp. 1694- (2004)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (4313 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


Fiber-optic radio-frequency links have been assembled using oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) and multimode fibers. Links with single and multimode VCSELs and with standard and high-bandwidth fibers have been evaluated and compared in the frequency range of 0.1-10 GHz. The best results were obtained for links with a multimode VCSEL and a high-bandwidth fiber. For a 500-m-long link, a spurious free dynamic range of 104 dB · Hz^2/3 at 2 GHz and 100 dB · Hz^2/3 at 5 GHz were obtained while allowing for a VCSEL-fiber misalignment of ±12 µm. Corresponding numbers for the intrinsic link gain and noise figure are -29 and -33 dB, and 39 and 42 dB at 2 and 5 GHz, respectively. Inferior performance was observed for the standard fiber link due to a larger variation in modal group velocities. This paper also presents a detailed link analysis to identify performance limitations and to suggest modifications for improved performance.

© 2004 IEEE

Christina Carlsson, Anders Larsson, and Arne Alping, "RF Transmission Over Multimode Fibers Using VCSELs - Comparing Standard and High-Bandwidth Multimode Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1694- (2004)

Sort:  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. Alping, "Radio-over-fiber for the radio access network", presented at the 6th Int. Symp. Contemp. Photon. Tech. (CPT03), Tokyo, Japan,Jan. 15-17, 2003.
  2. R. E. Schuh, A. Alping and E. Sundberg, "Penalty-free GSM-1900 and WCDMA radio-over-fiber transmission using multimode fiber and 850 nm VCSEL", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 512-514, 2003.
  3. P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, Y. Kwark, P. Pleunis and G. Kuyt, "15.6-Gb/s transmission over 1 km of next generation multimode fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 717-719, May 2002.
  4. C. Carlsson, H. Martinsson, R. Schatz, J. Halonen and A. Larsson, "Analog modulation properties of oxide confined VCSELs at microwave frequencies", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 20, pp. 1740-1749, Sept. 2002.
  5. C. Carlsson, H. Martinsson, A. Larsson and A. Alping, "High performance microwave link using a multimode VCSEL and a high-bandwidth multimode fiber", in Proc. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (MWP'01), 2002, pp. 81-84.
  6. P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen and P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50 µm multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1256-1275, May 2003.
  7. D. Wake, S. Dupont, C. Lethien and J.-P. Vilcot, "Radio frequency transmission of 32-QAM signals over multimode fiber for distributed antenna system applications", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1087-1089, 2001.
  8. C. Cox, E. Ackerman, R. Helkey and G. E. Betts, "Techniques and performance of intensity-modulation direct-detection analog optical links", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, pp. 1375-1383, Aug. 1997.
  9. L. Raddatz, I. W. White, D. G. Cunningham and M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 324-331, Mar. 1998 .
  10. Å. Haglund, J. S. Gustavsson, C. Carlsson, J. Vukusic, P. Modh and A. Larsson, "High power single mode VCSEL's for optical links and interconnects", in Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC'03), vol. 6, 2003, pp. 76-77.
  11. C. Carlsson, Å. Haglund, P. Modh, J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, A. Larsson and T. Marozsak, "New single mode VCSEL's for high performance fiber optic RF links", presented at the Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (MWP'03), Budapest, Hungary, Sept. 10-12, 2003.
  12. D. M. Cutrer, J. B. George, T. H. Le and K. Y. Lau, "Dynamic range requirements for optical transmitters in fiber-fed microcellular networks", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 564-566, May 1995.
  13. J. C. Fan, C. L. Lu and L. G. Kazovsky, "Dynamic range requirements for microcellular personal communication systems using analog fiber-optic links", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, pp. 1390-1397, Aug. 1997 .
  14. H. Al-Raweshidy, et al. Radio Over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks , Norwood, MA: Artech House, 2002, p. 122.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited