In this paper, a polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) tolerance testing procedure for transponders and transmission systems is described. This method exploits programmable PMD sources for testing the first- and second-order joint probability density function to estimate the total PMD network outage. Experimental data show that first-order-only PMD testing is insufficient to quantify the tolerance of a transponder and may falsely underestimate network outage.
© 2006 IEEE
Henry H. Yaffe and Daniel L. Peterson, Jr., "Experimental Determination of System Outage Probability Due to First-Order and Second-Order PMD," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4155-4161 (2006)