After more than 20 years of research and development, a combination of technological, regulatory, and competitive forces are finally bringing fiber-based broadband access to commercial fruition. The three main approaches—hybrid fiber coax, fiber to the cabinet, and fiber to the home—are each vying for dominance in the industry, and each has significant future potential to grow customers and increase bandwidth and associated-service offerings. Further technical advances and cost reductions will be adopted, eventually bringing performance levels and bandwidth to gigabits-per-second rates when user demand warrants while keeping service costs affordable.
© 2006 IEEE
Richard E. Wagner, John R. Igel, Robert Whitman, Mark D. Vaughn, A. Boh Ruffin, and Scott Bickham, "Fiber-Based Broadband-Access Deployment in the United States," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4526-4540 (2006)