This paper proposes two almost all-optical packet switch architectures, called the "packing switch" and the "scheduling switch" architecture, which when combined with appropriate wait-for-reservation or tell-and-go connection and flow control protocols provide lossless communication for traffic that satisfies certain smoothness properties. Both switch architectures preserve the order of packets that use a given input-output pair, and are consistent with virtual circuit switching. The scheduling switch requires 2k\log T + k^2 two-state elementary switches (or 2k\log T + 2k\log k elementary switches, if a different version is used) where k is the number of inputs and T is a parameter that measures the allowed burstiness of the traffic. The packing switch requires very little processing of the packet header, and uses k^2\log T + k\log k two-state switches. We also examine the suitability of the proposed architectures for the design of circuit switched networks. We find that the scheduling switch combines low hardware cost with little processing requirements at the nodes, and is an attractive architecture for both packet-switched and circuit-switched high-speed networks.
Emmanouel (Manos) Varvarigos, "The "Packing" and the "Scheduling Packet" Switch Architectures for Almost All-Optical Lossless Networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1757- (1998)