A detailed traffic analysis of optical packet switch design is performed. Special consideration is given to the complexity of the optical buffering and the overall switch block structure is considered in general. Wavelength converters are shown to improve the traffic performance of the switch blocks for both random and bursty traffic. Furthermore, the traffic performance of switch blocks with add-drop sports has been assessed in a Shufflenetwork showing the advantage of having converters at the inlets. Finally, the aspect of synchronization is discussed through a proposal to operate the packet switch block asynchronously, i.e., without packet alignment at the input.
Soeren Lykke Danielsen, Peter Bukhave Hansen, and Kristian E. Stubkjaer, "Wavelength Conversion in Optical Packet Switching," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2095- (1998)