OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1998
  • pp: 192–

Photodetector Nonlinearity Limitations on a High-Dynamic Range 3 GHz Fiber Optic Link

Keith J. Williams, Lee T. Nichols, and Ronald D. Esman

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 192- (1998)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (201 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

The performance of a dc to 3 GHz externally modulated link utilizing balanced high-power photodetection is presented. Nonlinearity measurements of high power photodiodes show 1 dB compression currents in excess of 55 mA and an output third-order intercept point of {+}32 to {+}34 dBm. These high current photodetectors permit the use of high power lasers as external modulator sources for low noise fiber optic links with only small degradations in the predicted link dynamic range. An externally modulated link with a 240 mW NdYAG laser, a dual-output 4-V V_{\pi} (dc) modulator, and balanced 100 mA total photocurrent yielded a link noise figure from 15.5 to 17.5 dB, a spur-free dynamic range of 119.5 dBHz2/3, and a 1-dB compression dynamic range of 168.4 dBHz.

© 1998 IEEE

Citation
Keith J. Williams, Lee T. Nichols, and Ronald D. Esman, "Photodetector Nonlinearity Limitations on a High-Dynamic Range 3 GHz Fiber Optic Link," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 192- (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-16-2-192


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. L. T. Nichols, K. J. Williams, and R. D. Esman,"Optimizing the ultrawide-band photonic link," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, pp. 1384-1389, Aug. 1997.
  2. M. L. Farwell, W. S. C. Chang, and D. R. Huber, "Increased linear dynamic range by low biasing the Mach-Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 779-782, July 1993.
  3. S. K. Korotky and R. M. DeRidder, "Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission," IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 8, pp. 1377-1380, Sept. 1990.
  4. M. L. Farwell, Z. Q. Lin, E. Wooten, and W. S. C. Chang, "An electrooptic intensity modulator with improved linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, pp. 792-795, Sept. 1991.
  5. J. H. Schaffner and W. B. Bridges, "Intermodulation distortion in high dynamic range microwave fiber-optic links with linearized modulators," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 3-6, Jan. 1993.
  6. G. E. Betts, "Linearized modulator for suboctave-bandpass optical analog links," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 42, pp. 2642-2649, Dec. 1994.
  7. W. K. Burns, "Linearized optical modulator with fifth order correction," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 1724-1727, Aug. 1995.
  8. W. B. Bridges and J. H. Schaffner, "Distortion in linearized electrooptic modulators," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol., vol. 43, pp. 2184-2197, Sept. 1995.
  9. H. Ogawa and H. Kamitsuna, "Fiber optic microwave links using balanced laser harmonic generation, and balanced/image cancellation laser mixing," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 40, pp. 2278-2284, Dec. 1992.
  10. M.J. LaGasse and S. Thaniyavarn, "Bias-free high-dynamic-range phase-modulated fiber-optic link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 681-683, May 1997.
  11. C. K. Sun, S. A. Pappert, R. B. Welstand, J. T. Zhu, P. K. L. Yu, Y. Z. Liu, and J. M. Chen, "High spurious free dynamic range fiber link using a semiconductor electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 902-903, May 1995.
  12. P. L. Liu, B. J. Li, and Y. S. Trisno, "In search of a linear electrooptic amplitude modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, pp. 144-146, Feb. 1991.
  13. G. A. Davis, R. E. Weiss, R. A. LaRue, K. J. Williams, and R. D. Esman, "A 920-1650-nm high-current photodetector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1373-1375, Oct. 1996.
  14. K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, "Optically amplified downconverting link with shot-noise-limited performance," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 148-150, Jan. 1996.
  15. L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vang, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors with high-saturation power and large bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1376-1378, Oct. 1996.
  16. C. L. Goldsmith, G. A. Magel, B. M. Kanack, and R. J. Baca, "Coherent combining of RF signals in a traveling-wave photodetector array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 988-990, July 1997.
  17. B. H. Kolner and D. W. Dolfi, "Intermodulation distortion and compression in an integrated electrooptic modulator," Appl. Opt., vol. 26, no. 17, pp. 3676-3680, 1987.
  18. C. H. Cox III, G. E. Betts, and L. M. Johnson, "An analytic and experimental comparison of direct and external modulation in analog fiber-optic links," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 38, pp. 501-509, May 1990.
  19. M. Nazarathy, J. Berger, A. J. Ley, I. M. Levi, and Y. Kagan, "Progress in externally modulated AM CATV transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 82-105, Jan. 1993.
  20. E. Ackerman, S. Wanuga, D. Kasemset, A. S. Daryoush, and N. R. Samant, "Maximum dynamic range operation of a microwave external modulation fiber-optic link," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 41, pp. 1299-1306, Aug. 1993.
  21. G. L. Heiter, "Characterization of nonlinearities in microwave devices and systems," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. MTT-21, pp. 797-805, Dec. 1973.
  22. S. A. Maas, Nonlinear Microwave Circuits.New York: McGraw-Hill, 1988, pp. 155-207.
  23. G. L. Abbas, V. W. S. Chan, and T. K. Yee, "A dual-detector optical heterodyne receiver for local oscillator noise suppression, J. Lightwave Technol., vol. LT-3, pp. 1110-1122, 1985.
  24. A. Madjar and O. Malz, "A novel architecture of a balanced fiber-optic communication link for laser RIN reduction," Microwave Optic. Tech. Lett., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 15-18, Jan. 1993.
  25. E. Ackerman, S. Wanuga, J. MacDonald, and J. Prince, "Balanced receiver external modulation fiber-optic link architecture with reduced noise figure," in Proc. 1993 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., 1993, pp. 723-726.
  26. G. E. Betts, L. M. Johnson, C. N. Cox III, and S. D. Lowney, "High-performance optical analog link using external modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 1, pp. 404-406, Nov. 1989.
  27. K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, and M. Dagenais, "Nonlinearities in p-i-n microwave photodetectors," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 84-96, Jan. 1996.
  28. K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, and M. Dagenais, "Effects of high space-charge fields on the response of microwave photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 639-641, May 1994.
  29. R. R. Hayes and D. L. Persechini, "Nonlinearity of p-i-n photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 70-72, Jan. 1993.
  30. A. Ambrozy, Electronic Noise.New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982, p. 145.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited